More than 2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. ?The country also has a high number of IDPs and refugees who have left the country, with more than 3.6 million who have been displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.? Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.
The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?
Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?
INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?
Heavy rain has affected most of Somalia since 20 April, as the 2020 Gu (April-June) seasonal rains continue to intensify. As of 29 April, an estimated 83,000 people have been displaced and 60,500 people have been affected nationwide. Most affected regions are South West, Jubaland, Banaadir, Puntland, and Somaliland. Flash floods were also reported in Bay and Bakool regions, with some IDP settlements affected in Baidoa town. There is a high risk of flooding along the Shabelle and the Juba rivers through early May; riverine flooding has already occurred along the Juba River. Higher than normal precipitation could create ideal conditions for the development of a third generation of desert locust infestation in the country.?
For more information on the desert locust outbreak in East Africa, please see the relevant paragraph below.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Crisis Severity: 4.5
Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan
reached as of January 2020
Populations in Somalia continue to be affected by climatic shocks and insecurity, often leading to their displacement. Urban areas receive newly displaced people, who move into private IDP sites with poor living standards, a lack of tenured security, and inadequate access to basic services. Local integration and IDP returns are also limited, as many displaced families have lost livelihoods and are continually reliant on humanitarian services. Those displaced to informal sites, in particular, are living in precarious conditions and are not having their basic needs met due to inconsistent service provision, barriers to or exclusion from accessing humanitarian support.
Target and response priorities/boundaries
Based on figures collected through the CCCM Cluster's Detailed Site Assessment (DSA), the cluster will target 1.4 million people living in accessible IDP sites. The cluster has prioritized interventions in the 21 districts where CCCM partners are already active, and in 2020 will target an additional six districts, housing 15,000 people, that are vulnerable to climatic shocks. Service provision will be done in coordination with local authorities, and the humanitarian community at a district level, to ensure that aid reaches the most vulnerable populations. The cluster will support other clusters in targeting sites and populations for intervention by providing information on age, gender, disability and vulnerability of displaced people. Additionally, CCCM will work closely with durable solutions partners to ensure that programming is working to build the resilience of its targets. The cluster will support partners and local authorities in relocations when appropriate and voluntary, and
will advocate for sustained aid in instances where durable solutions cannot be found, especially for those displaced by conflict.
Response strategies and modalities
The CCCM Cluster will continue to support displaced populations through multiple channels: strengthening safe access to multisectoral services at a site level, through improved site management and coordination; ensuring community participation empowerment through consistent engagement; protecting against disability discrimination or social exclusion through feedback mechanisms; improving the living conditions of IDPs through site improvement and maintenance; and collecting information on populations data through the DSA and other site verification exercises. The cluster will support the coordination of safety audits.
The cluster will use an area-based approach at district level to ensure the effective coordination and management of IDP sites through mobile teams, in coordination with local authorities. Where appropriate, the cluster will support cash-based interventions to improve site safety, primarily in order to strengthen the purchasing power of vulnerable community members. To minimize pull factors to sites, the CCCM Cluster will advocate for the provision of basic services in sites, and for the centralized access to external services, benefitting both IDPs and host communities, and accounting for different needs, priorities, risks and capacities. The cluster will prioritize opportunities to work with national NGO partners and local authorities in order to strengthen national capacities in camp management.
In 2019, the cluster reached 1.1 million IDPs across 842 sites. This represents 61 per cent of the beneficiary target (total 1.8 million) and 42 per cent of the site target (total 1,926). Meanwhile, continuing conflicts, drought and flooding have increased the total number displaced, while there haven't been large-scale return movements home. As such, the cluster will continue to operate in the 21 districts in which it currently has a presence, as well as expand to six additional districts. In 2019, partners made significant progress towards securing government- or privately-donated land where, in 2020, the cluster will be able to invest in site planning, maintenance and development. It is hoped that these new sites will mitigate future shocks.
The CCCM and Protection clusters will work together to mitigate the exlusion of individuals and groups in service delivery. Complaint/feedback mechanisms will be strengthened, and communication with communities (CwC) will be prioritized across programming. Partners' commitment to providing equitable access to aid is evident, as IDPs hold a central role in decision-making process and accountability exercises. The CCCM cluster will continue to work with populations at a site level, to support the creation of inclusive and accountable camp management committees that are representative of the diverse population. These inclusive committees will serve as a platform for engagement with humanitarian partners.
- HSOM20-CCM-160154-1 Strengthening coordination and self-management in IDP settlements and through improved coordination mechanisms and support to community structures in Garowe and Gardho - Puntland - Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-160121-1 Provision of Integrated Emergency Support through CCCM in Baidoa IDP Settlements.
- HSOM20-CCM-160058-1 Strengthening coordination and self-management in IDP settlements in Garowe & Gardo through improved coordination mechanisms and support to community structures
- HSOM20-CCM-159997-1 Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159990-1 Enhanced coordination and self management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Banadir, Lower Shebelle, Lower Jubba and Gedo Regions
- HSOM20-CCM-159989-1 Strengthening IDPs and Host community engagement for durable solutions building, while addressing DRR and sources of conflict Within Sool and Sanaag
- HSOM20-CCM-159986-1 Improve provision of equitable services and protection responses through strengthened camp coordination and camp management
- HSOM20-CCM-159983-1 Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
- HSOM20-CCM-159958-1 Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
- HSOM20-CCM-159954-1 Improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all people in need
- HSOM20-CCM-159951-1 Provision of Sustained CCCM Support for IDP Settlements in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159750-1 Increasing CCCM support to improve the living conditions of crisis -affected IDPs in Gedo, Galgaduud and Lower Juba regions
HSOM20-CCM-159689-1 Foster equitable access to multi-sectoral services and durable solutions for the Internally Displaced People in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159671-1 IMPROVING THE LIVING CONDITIONS OF DISPLACED PEOPLE IN REMOTE AREAS OF SANAAG, SOOL AND BARI. REGIONS
- HSOM20-CCM-159545-1 CCCM assistance to Displacement affected populations in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159519-1 Provision of CCCM support for IDPs in South Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159449-1 Camp Coordination Camp Management (CCCM) in South and Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159397-1 First Line CCCM Response for IDP Settlements in Somalia with a focus on drought displaced populations in targeted locations.
- HSOM20-CCM-159380-1 Enhancing the living conditions for displaced populations through camps’management and protection services in Baidoa
- HSOM20-CCM-159253-1 Camp Management and Coordination for IDP Camps in Galmudug, South West, Banaadir and Hirshabelle States of South Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159162-1 Improvement, Enhancing the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance with full participation of displaced populations in sites and settlement in Gedo,Bay, Lower Juba, Sool and Sanaag Regions
- HSOM20-CCM-159109-1 Provision of Improved coordination and self-management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Benadir and Lower Shabelle Regions
11 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Somalia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- Eastern and Southern Africa Risk Analysis - UNICEF ESARO - 03/06/2020
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 07/31/2018
- Somalia - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - United National Development Programme (UNDP) 1998 - 06/06/2014
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 12/31/2019
- Somalia Drought Dashboard - Multiple source - 11/06/2019
- Eastern and Southern Africa Humanitarian Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 12/11/2019
- Somalia Population Data -UNFPA 2014 - OCHA Somalia - 05/24/2017
- Somalia - Settlements shapefile - Updated by Somalia Information and mapping coordination (SIMAC) working Group in 2016 - 05/04/2011
- Somalia - Internal Displacement Profiling in Hargeisa - Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS) - 02/01/2015-01/01/2016