Over 4.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia, including 2.6 million displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.?Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.

The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Around 3 million people are in need of health assistance and 2.9 million in need of WASH assistance. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?

Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?

INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?

Latest Developments

13/08: FAO has reported that mature swarms of locusts in northern Somalia are causing substantial crop damage. Some farmers have reportedly lost all their crops. Locust hopper bands are also forming along the northwest/northeast coasts from eggs laid by the swarms, which could result in new larger swarms by late August. Locust summer breeding, amplified by heavy rains, poses a serious threat to agricultural production areas of Somalia over the next three months. This could result in potentially adverse impacts on the agricultural seasonal yields and local economies, affecting food security and livelihoods. The Gu harvest is already projected to be at 50% of a normal year. Capacities to control the swarms in Somalia are limited.?

08/08: 5,000 IDPs arrived in Baidoa, South West state, in the first two weeks of July. The number of displaced has continued to increase with an average of 1,000 new arrivals per week. Baidoa already hosts over 323,000 IDPs. Many of the IDPS have fled drought and conflict. A sizeable number of IDPs also fled due to forced recruitment of children by Al-Shabaab in a renewed recruitment drive. Most of the newly displaced persons have established makeshift shelters in Baidoa. Shelter is needed as the majority of the new arrivals are children and women. A lack of privacy can expose girls and women to abuse and other protection challenges. Aid agencies and local authorities are concerned that the influx is compounding an already fragile humanitarian situation. Local authorities have called on aid agencies to scale up life-saving response. Some IDPs say they have not received any support.?

Key Figures

People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4

Impact: 4.4

Humanitarian Conditions: 3.5

Complexity: 4.7

Access Constraints: 5

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectorial services at site level through improved site management and coordination.
  2. Improve living conditions of displaced people through site development, care and maintenance.
  3. Strengthen community self-management and access to information for displaced populations.
  4. Support opportunities for displaced people to achieve durable solutions.




Title Uploaded Attachment
CCCM Cluster Somalia - Terms of Reference 17 May 2017
Currently there are no resources listed for this country
Title Theme Post Date
IDP Sites Kismayo, Somalia Displacement 14 May 2018
HDX datasets

3 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: