More than 2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. ?The country also has a high number of IDPs and refugees who have left the country, with more than 3.6 million who have been displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.? Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.
The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?
Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?
INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?
09/01: A locust outbreak in the Horn of Africa is causing loss of crops and pastures and threatens the livelihoods of farmers and cattle owners. At least 70,000 hectares of land have been infested so far, primarily in Gadung, Puntland, and Somaliland. According to forecasts, conditions are likely to facilitate further breeding until March 2020. Staple food crops and pastures are being affected in households across the three regions, where more than 650,000 people IPC Phase 3 (Crisis) or higher levels of food insecurity between October and December 2019. Over the next 6 months, control and intervention measures will be required to stem outbreaks and prevent spread to southern areas of the country.?
Read more in our special report Floods in the southern regions of Somalia
Crisis Severity: 3.7
Humanitarian Conditions: 3
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- Strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectorial services at site level through improved site management and coordination.
- Improve living conditions of displaced people through site development, care and maintenance.
- Strengthen community self-management and access to information for displaced populations.
- Support opportunities for displaced people to achieve durable solutions.
- Provision of an improved coordination and self management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Banadir, Lower Shebelle and Gedo Regions
- Scale up of CCCM in Afgooye Corridor
- Improving provision of services and protection responses through strengthened camp coordination and camp management
- Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
- Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
- Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
- Improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all people in need
- Dignified living conditions and equitable access to services and assistance for IDPs living in sites and settlements, through enhanced coordination and with strengthened community participation
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management in Central Somalia
- Community development in site management and coordination of settlements in Adado and Dhusamareeb districts
- Promote equitable access to services and durable solutions for the Internally Displaced People in Somalia
- Enhancing the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance with full participation of displaced populations in sites and settlement in Gedo,Bay, Lower Juba, Sool and Sanaag Regions
- Support for Camp Management, Basic Improvement Works and Provisions for IDP Camps in Banadir, Lower Shabelle, Galgaduud and Mudug Regions.
- Provision of Improved coordination and self-management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Benadir and Lower Shabelle Regions
- Enhanced Coordination and improved information management in camps and settlements in order to improve the living conditions of IDPs in Somalia
- Integrated CCCM response for Displacement affected populations in Somalia
- Strengthen the living conditions for IDP by facilitating the effective provision of protection and provision services in camps in Southwest State Somalia
|Somalia: Somalia CCCM Cluster Dashboard - as of December 2019||15 Jan 2020|
|Somalia: Somalia CCCM Cluster Dashboard - as of November 2019||18 Dec 2019|
|World: Building the Capacity of the CCCM Community||03 Dec 2019|
|Somalia: Somalia CCCM Cluster Dashboard - as of October 2019||26 Nov 2019|
|Somalia: Somalia CCCM Cluster Dashboard - as of September 2019||28 Oct 2019|
10 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Somalia Drought Dashboard - Multiple source - 11/06/2019
- Eastern and Southern Africa Humanitarian Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 12/11/2019
- Somalia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 10/01/2019
- Somalia - Administrative Boundaries (Levels 0-2) - United National Development Programme (UNDP) 1998 - 06/06/2014
- Somalia Population Data -UNFPA 2014 - OCHA Somalia - 05/24/2017
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 07/31/2018
- Somalia - Settlements shapefile - Updated by Somalia Information and mapping coordination (SIMAC) working Group in 2016 - 05/04/2011
- Somalia - Internal Displacement Profiling in Hargeisa - Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS) - 02/01/2015-01/01/2016
- Somalia - Reported Elnino flooded areas - FAO SWALIM - 11/09/2015