Over 4.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia, including 2.6 million displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.?Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.
The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Around 3 million people are in need of health assistance and 2.9 million in need of WASH assistance. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?
Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?
INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?
Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in Jubaland, South West, and Hirshabelle states. As of 5 November, 540,000 people have been affected, including 370,000 people who have been displaced.? The district of Belet Weyne in Hiraan region is one of the most impacted, with more than 270,000 people being forced to leave their homes due to the floods. Some areas are inaccessible, complicating the delivery of humanitarian assistance. The impact the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. While in some regions the rains have led to improvements for pastures, crops, and livestock body conditions, flooding has destroyed fields, crops, and inundated farmland in others. In Hiraan, Bay, and Bakool regions heavy rains are expected to continue over the next week, likely leading to further flooding and an increased need for humanitarian intervention. ?
Read more in our special report Floods in the southern regions of Somalia
Crisis Severity: 3.7
Humanitarian Conditions: 3
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- Strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectorial services at site level through improved site management and coordination.
- Improve living conditions of displaced people through site development, care and maintenance.
- Strengthen community self-management and access to information for displaced populations.
- Support opportunities for displaced people to achieve durable solutions.
- Provision of an improved coordination and self management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Banadir, Lower Shebelle and Gedo Regions
- Scale up of CCCM in Afgooye Corridor
- Improving provision of services and protection responses through strengthened camp coordination and camp management
- Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
- Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
- Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
- Improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all people in need
- Dignified living conditions and equitable access to services and assistance for IDPs living in sites and settlements, through enhanced coordination and with strengthened community participation
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management in Central Somalia
- Community development in site management and coordination of settlements in Adado and Dhusamareeb districts
- Promote equitable access to services and durable solutions for the Internally Displaced People in Somalia
- Enhancing the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance with full participation of displaced populations in sites and settlement in Gedo,Bay, Lower Juba, Sool and Sanaag Regions
- Support for Camp Management, Basic Improvement Works and Provisions for IDP Camps in Banadir, Lower Shabelle, Galgaduud and Mudug Regions.
- Provision of Improved coordination and self-management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Benadir and Lower Shabelle Regions
- Enhanced Coordination and improved information management in camps and settlements in order to improve the living conditions of IDPs in Somalia
- Integrated CCCM response for Displacement affected populations in Somalia
- Strengthen the living conditions for IDP by facilitating the effective provision of protection and provision services in camps in Southwest State Somalia
9 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Somalia Drought Dashboard - Multiple source - 11/06/2019
- Somalia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 10/01/2019
- Somalia - Administrative Boundaries (Levels 0-2) - United National Development Programme (UNDP) 1998 - 06/06/2014
- Somalia Population Data -UNFPA 2014 - OCHA Somalia - 05/24/2017
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 07/31/2018
- Somalia - Settlements shapefile - Updated by Somalia Information and mapping coordination (SIMAC) working Group in 2016 - 05/04/2011
- Somalia - Internal Displacement Profiling in Hargeisa - Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPS) - 02/01/2015-01/01/2016
- Somalia - Reported Elnino flooded areas - FAO SWALIM - 11/09/2015