Over 4.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia, including 2.6 million displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.?Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.
The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Around 3 million people are in need of health assistance and 2.9 million in need of WASH assistance. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?
Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?
INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?
13/08: FAO has reported that mature swarms of locusts in northern Somalia are causing substantial crop damage. Some farmers have reportedly lost all their crops. Locust hopper bands are also forming along the northwest/northeast coasts from eggs laid by the swarms, which could result in new larger swarms by late August. Locust summer breeding, amplified by heavy rains, poses a serious threat to agricultural production areas of Somalia over the next three months. This could result in potentially adverse impacts on the agricultural seasonal yields and local economies, affecting food security and livelihoods. The Gu harvest is already projected to be at 50% of a normal year. Capacities to control the swarms in Somalia are limited.?
08/08: 5,000 IDPs arrived in Baidoa, South West state, in the first two weeks of July. The number of displaced has continued to increase with an average of 1,000 new arrivals per week. Baidoa already hosts over 323,000 IDPs. Many of the IDPS have fled drought and conflict. A sizeable number of IDPs also fled due to forced recruitment of children by Al-Shabaab in a renewed recruitment drive. Most of the newly displaced persons have established makeshift shelters in Baidoa. Shelter is needed as the majority of the new arrivals are children and women. A lack of privacy can expose girls and women to abuse and other protection challenges. Aid agencies and local authorities are concerned that the influx is compounding an already fragile humanitarian situation. Local authorities have called on aid agencies to scale up life-saving response. Some IDPs say they have not received any support.?
Crisis Severity: 4
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.5
Access Constraints: 5
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- Strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectorial services at site level through improved site management and coordination.
- Improve living conditions of displaced people through site development, care and maintenance.
- Strengthen community self-management and access to information for displaced populations.
- Support opportunities for displaced people to achieve durable solutions.
- Provision of an improved coordination and self management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Banadir, Lower Shebelle and Gedo Regions
- Scale up of CCCM in Afgooye Corridor
- Improving provision of services and protection responses through strengthened camp coordination and camp management
- Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
- Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
- Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
- Improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all people in need
- Dignified living conditions and equitable access to services and assistance for IDPs living in sites and settlements, through enhanced coordination and with strengthened community participation
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management in Central Somalia
- Community development in site management and coordination of settlements in Adado and Dhusamareeb districts
- Promote equitable access to services and durable solutions for the Internally Displaced People in Somalia
- Enhancing the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance with full participation of displaced populations in sites and settlement in Gedo,Bay, Lower Juba, Sool and Sanaag Regions
- Support for Camp Management, Basic Improvement Works and Provisions for IDP Camps in Banadir, Lower Shabelle, Galgaduud and Mudug Regions.
- Provision of Improved coordination and self-management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Benadir and Lower Shabelle Regions
- Enhanced Coordination and improved information management in camps and settlements in order to improve the living conditions of IDPs in Somalia
- Integrated CCCM response for Displacement affected populations in Somalia
- Strengthen the living conditions for IDP by facilitating the effective provision of protection and provision services in camps in Southwest State Somalia
3 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Somalia Population Data -UNFPA 2014 - OCHA Somalia - 05/24/2017
- Somalia - Administrative Boundaries (Levels 0-2) - United National Development Programme (UNDP) 1998 - 06/06/2014
- Somalia - Settlements shapefile - Updated by Somalia Information and mapping coordination (SIMAC) working Group in 2016 - 05/04/2011