There are 5.2 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia.?The country also has a high number of IDPs and refugees who have left the country, with more than 3.6 million who have been displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.? Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.
The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 3.2 million people are estimated in need of protection.?are around 30,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?
Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. The economic impacts of COVID-19, seasonal floods and desert locust are causing an increase in food insecurity levels. Further deterioration of food security is expected in the dry season of July to September; it is expected that 3.5 million people will be unable to meet their minimum food needs.?
INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?
26/11/2020: Cyclone Gati made landfall in Puntland state, Somalia on 22 November. Eight people have died and at least 42,000 have been displaced, mostly in the towns of Bossaso, Xaafuun, and Hurdiya. Details on their shelter situation are not available. 180,000 people have been affected overall. Of these, 66,000 are in immediate need of livelihood assistance. Roads are damaged and at least 40,000 houses are damaged or destroyed. Gati is the strongest storm to hit Somalia – a Category 3 at its peak – since satellite tracing began 50 years ago. Given the unprecedented strength of the storm, Puntland residents were not prepared for its impact. Heavy rains continue in the Bari region and will likely result in further damage in the coming days.?
08/10/2020: Updated projections see 5.1 million people in Stressed or higher (IPC Phase 2+) levels of food insecurity by December 2020, up from 3.5 million previously projected. A prolonged dry spell, widespread seasonal flooding, and Desert Locust infestation have limited crop production, and access to food aid has been disrupted by COVID-19 related measures.?
Two children were reported with vaccine-derived polio? in the districts of Abdul Aziz and Shibis, Banaadir region. The total number of reported polio cases in Somalia is 18 (first detection: 2017), with suspected local transmission. The country-wide polio immunisation campaign was suspended in March 2020 due to COVID-19. Plans for its resumption are in progress.?
For more information on the desert locust outbreak in East Africa, please see the relevant paragraph below.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Crisis Severity: 4
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.45
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan
reached as of January 2020
Populations in Somalia continue to be affected by climatic shocks and insecurity, often leading to their displacement. Urban areas receive newly displaced people, who move into private IDP sites with poor living standards, a lack of tenured security, and inadequate access to basic services. Local integration and IDP returns are also limited, as many displaced families have lost livelihoods and are continually reliant on humanitarian services. Those displaced to informal sites, in particular, are living in precarious conditions and are not having their basic needs met due to inconsistent service provision, barriers to or exclusion from accessing humanitarian support.
Target and response priorities/boundaries
Based on figures collected through the CCCM Cluster's Detailed Site Assessment (DSA), the cluster will target 1.4 million people living in accessible IDP sites. The cluster has prioritized interventions in the 21 districts where CCCM partners are already active, and in 2020 will target an additional six districts, housing 15,000 people, that are vulnerable to climatic shocks. Service provision will be done in coordination with local authorities, and the humanitarian community at a district level, to ensure that aid reaches the most vulnerable populations. The cluster will support other clusters in targeting sites and populations for intervention by providing information on age, gender, disability and vulnerability of displaced people. Additionally, CCCM will work closely with durable solutions partners to ensure that programming is working to build the resilience of its targets. The cluster will support partners and local authorities in relocations when appropriate and voluntary, and
will advocate for sustained aid in instances where durable solutions cannot be found, especially for those displaced by conflict.
Response strategies and modalities
The CCCM Cluster will continue to support displaced populations through multiple channels: strengthening safe access to multisectoral services at a site level, through improved site management and coordination; ensuring community participation empowerment through consistent engagement; protecting against disability discrimination or social exclusion through feedback mechanisms; improving the living conditions of IDPs through site improvement and maintenance; and collecting information on populations data through the DSA and other site verification exercises. The cluster will support the coordination of safety audits.
The cluster will use an area-based approach at district level to ensure the effective coordination and management of IDP sites through mobile teams, in coordination with local authorities. Where appropriate, the cluster will support cash-based interventions to improve site safety, primarily in order to strengthen the purchasing power of vulnerable community members. To minimize pull factors to sites, the CCCM Cluster will advocate for the provision of basic services in sites, and for the centralized access to external services, benefitting both IDPs and host communities, and accounting for different needs, priorities, risks and capacities. The cluster will prioritize opportunities to work with national NGO partners and local authorities in order to strengthen national capacities in camp management.
In 2019, the cluster reached 1.1 million IDPs across 842 sites. This represents 61 per cent of the beneficiary target (total 1.8 million) and 42 per cent of the site target (total 1,926). Meanwhile, continuing conflicts, drought and flooding have increased the total number displaced, while there haven't been large-scale return movements home. As such, the cluster will continue to operate in the 21 districts in which it currently has a presence, as well as expand to six additional districts. In 2019, partners made significant progress towards securing government- or privately-donated land where, in 2020, the cluster will be able to invest in site planning, maintenance and development. It is hoped that these new sites will mitigate future shocks.
The CCCM and Protection clusters will work together to mitigate the exlusion of individuals and groups in service delivery. Complaint/feedback mechanisms will be strengthened, and communication with communities (CwC) will be prioritized across programming. Partners' commitment to providing equitable access to aid is evident, as IDPs hold a central role in decision-making process and accountability exercises. The CCCM cluster will continue to work with populations at a site level, to support the creation of inclusive and accountable camp management committees that are representative of the diverse population. These inclusive committees will serve as a platform for engagement with humanitarian partners.
- HSOM20-CCM-160154-1 Strengthening coordination and self-management in IDP settlements and through improved coordination mechanisms and support to community structures in Garowe and Gardho - Puntland - Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-160121-1 Provision of Integrated Emergency Support through CCCM in Baidoa IDP Settlements.
- HSOM20-CCM-160058-1 Strengthening coordination and self-management in IDP settlements in Garowe & Gardo through improved coordination mechanisms and support to community structures
- HSOM20-CCM-159997-1 Provision of Camp Coordination and Camp Management services to men, women, boys and girls in displacement sites in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159990-1 Enhanced coordination and self management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Banadir, Lower Shebelle, Lower Jubba and Gedo Regions
- HSOM20-CCM-159989-1 Strengthening IDPs and Host community engagement for durable solutions building, while addressing DRR and sources of conflict Within Sool and Sanaag
- HSOM20-CCM-159986-1 Improve provision of equitable services and protection responses through strengthened camp coordination and camp management
- HSOM20-CCM-159983-1 Provision of Cluster Coordination for the Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster
- HSOM20-CCM-159958-1 Informing humanitarian planning and response to the needs of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Somalia through baseline assessments and population-based surveys
- HSOM20-CCM-159954-1 Improve the living conditions and protection of IDPs in sites and ensure equitable access to services and assistance of all people in need
- HSOM20-CCM-159951-1 Provision of Sustained CCCM Support for IDP Settlements in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159750-1 Increasing CCCM support to improve the living conditions of crisis -affected IDPs in Gedo, Galgaduud and Lower Juba regions
HSOM20-CCM-159689-1 Foster equitable access to multi-sectoral services and durable solutions for the Internally Displaced People in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159671-1 IMPROVING THE LIVING CONDITIONS OF DISPLACED PEOPLE IN REMOTE AREAS OF SANAAG, SOOL AND BARI. REGIONS
- HSOM20-CCM-159545-1 CCCM assistance to Displacement affected populations in Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159519-1 Provision of CCCM support for IDPs in South Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159449-1 Camp Coordination Camp Management (CCCM) in South and Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159397-1 First Line CCCM Response for IDP Settlements in Somalia with a focus on drought displaced populations in targeted locations.
- HSOM20-CCM-159380-1 Enhancing the living conditions for displaced populations through camps’management and protection services in Baidoa
- HSOM20-CCM-159253-1 Camp Management and Coordination for IDP Camps in Galmudug, South West, Banaadir and Hirshabelle States of South Central Somalia
- HSOM20-CCM-159162-1 Improvement, Enhancing the coordination and delivery of humanitarian assistance with full participation of displaced populations in sites and settlement in Gedo,Bay, Lower Juba, Sool and Sanaag Regions
- HSOM20-CCM-159109-1 Provision of Improved coordination and self-management of IDP camps for newly displaced and protracted internally IDPs in Benadir and Lower Shabelle Regions
12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Somalia Displacement - [IDPs, Returnees] - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - 02/01/2020-05/31/2020
- Eastern and Southern Africa Risk Analysis - UNICEF ESARO - 10/31/2020
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 12/31/2019
- Eastern and Southern Africa Humanitarian Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 10/31/2020
- Somalia - Subnational Population Statistics - OCHA Somalia - 08/14/2019
- Somalia Flood and Drought Dashboard - Multiple source - 06/30/2020
- Somalia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 07/31/2018
- Somalia - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - United National Development Programme (UNDP) 1998 - 06/06/2014
- Somalia - Settlements shapefile - Updated by Somalia Information and mapping coordination (SIMAC) working Group in 2016 - 05/04/2011