A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than five million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile: humanitarian needs are high, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. Over 998,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries as at 31 October. DRC hosted about 515,000 refugees (mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola) as at 30 September.??Since mid-December 2020, 92,000 refugees fleeing violence related to the 27 December elections in CAR have arrived in Bas-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, and Sud-Ubangi provinces. Most of the arrivals are located in villages close to the river border, where access is a challenge and where host communities were already struggling to meet their own needs. ?

Over 7,900 protection incidents were reported across DRC in 2020, a 21% increase from 2019 attributable to the deteriorating security situation in conflict-affected areas. 93% of recorded violations occurred in Nord-Kivu, Ituri, and Sud-Kivu. Reported extrajudicial killings by armed groups increased dramatically, from 1,029 in 2019 to 2,487 in 2020. ?

The food crisis in DRC is likely to worsen in the months to come. From January–June 2022, 25.9 million people are estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or above, with 5.4 million people estimated in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 19.6 million people were projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This deterioration is explained by poor harvests, displacement caused by waves of violence, and crops’ diseases.? 

Latest Developments

02/12/2021: Attacks on Drodro and Ndala-Ivu IDP camps and neighbouring villages in Djugu territory, Ituri province, killed at least 70 people and torched shelters over 21-28 November. The attacks have been attributed to the Coopérative pour le développement du Congo (CODECO) militia. Most of the IDPs and villagers fled to an IDP camp in Roe, near a MONUSCO base. The influx of IDPs adds pressure to the Roe camp, which has grown in size from 21,000 to 40,500 people forcing the newly arrived to sleep in the open air. Food, shelter, healthcare, and psychosocial assistance are their most urgent needs. Increased violence in Djugu territory in recent weeks has sharply reduced humanitarian access. Several humanitarian organisations have temporarily suspended their movements in this area, affecting access to aid for nearly 320,000 people in Drodro, Fataki, Nizi , Lita, Bambu, and Mangala.?

22/11/2021: On 9 November, torrential rain affected some 7,300 people in Pangi territory (Maniema province). At least 791 houses, some schools, and health centres were severely damaged. Affected people are staying with host families, in public buildings (e.g., schools), and in undamaged parts of houses. Food assistance, NFI, shelter, education, healthcare, and WASH are urgently needed.?

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.6

Impact: 4.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 4.8

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Title Posted on
SITREP WHE S45 04 Dec 2021
SITREP WHE S44 04 Dec 2021
HDX datasets

29 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: