A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than 5 million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile; humanitarian needs are projected to be higher in 2021 than at the beginning of 2020, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. 1,315 extrajudicial killings by armed groups were reported in the first half of 2020 – three times the number recorded during the same period in 2019. Over 934,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries. DRC also hosts about 527,000 refugees, mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola.?

19.6 million people – 29% of the analysed population – are projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This is an increase from the 13.56 million (28% of the analysed population) in the same period last year. It is, however, a decrease from the July–December 2020 period (21.8 million, or 33% of the analysed population), mainly because predictions for the January–June 2021 period include the easing of COVID-19 restrictions and favourable weather conditions. Insecurity, displacement, and poor transport infrastructure will continue to hamper the population’s access to food.?

Latest Developments

Some 50,000 people have arrived in Bas Uele and Nord Ubangi provinces as at 15 January, fleeing insecurity associated with the 27 December general election in the Central African Republic. Ndu (Bas Uele), a village that normally has a population of 3,500, hosted 15,000 of these arrivals as at 6 January. New arrivals are sheltering with host families or in makeshift tents along the Ubangi River. WASH and shelter needs are reported; health assistance is also needed as some host villages lack healthcare facilities. At least 220 arrivals have been reported at the Kpako and Kokou sites (Nord Ubangi) located on islets in the Ubangi River, making humanitarian access challenging. Some arrivals in Sud Ubangi did not register as refugees, because they want to return to CAR if the situation improves. DRC was already hosting 171,000 refugees from CAR as at 30 November 2020. ?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.5

Impact: 4.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 4.4

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
HDX datasets

26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: