A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than five million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile: humanitarian needs are high, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. Over 998,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries as at 31 October. DRC hosted about 515,000 refugees (mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola) as at 30 September.??Since mid-December 2020, 92,000 refugees fleeing violence related to the 27 December elections in CAR have arrived in Bas-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, and Sud-Ubangi provinces. Most of the arrivals are located in villages close to the river border, where access is a challenge and where host communities were already struggling to meet their own needs. ?
Over 7,900 protection incidents were reported across DRC in 2020, a 21% increase from 2019 attributable to the deteriorating security situation in conflict-affected areas. 93% of recorded violations occurred in Nord-Kivu, Ituri, and Sud-Kivu. Reported extrajudicial killings by armed groups increased dramatically, from 1,029 in 2019 to 2,487 in 2020. ?
The food crisis in DRC is likely to worsen in the months to come. From January–June 2022, 25.9 million people are estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or above, with 5.4 million people estimated in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 19.6 million people were projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This deterioration is explained by poor harvests, displacement caused by waves of violence, and crops’ diseases.?
Since mid-August, violence between the Téké and Yaka communities in Maï-Ndombe province has resulted in the deaths of at least several dozen people. The clashes are reportedly linked to a long-standing land dispute. Dozens of houses were burnt in villages of Kwamouth territory and clashes extended into Bagata territory (Kwilu province), where more homes were torched. More than 20,000 people, including hundreds of unaccompanied children, fled Kwamouth and Bagata territories. IDPs are reported elsewhere in Maï-Ndombe and Kwango provinces, and in DRC’s capital, Kinshasa. 12,000 IDPs reached Bandudu (Kwilu) and at least 1,600 people fled to neighbouring Republic of Congo. Some displaced people are with host families, while others are staying in public buildings, makeshift shelters, or in the open air. In areas affected by the conflict, access to food has deteriorated since people can no longer seek food in the forests for fear of attacks. Food, drinking water, shelter and healthcare are needed.?
Crisis Severity: 4.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
30 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- DRC Displacement Data - Tanganyika Province - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2021-08-03T00:00:00 TO 2022-08-10T23:59:59]
- DRC Displacement Data - Ituri Province - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2018-10-01T00:00:00 TO 2022-07-25T23:59:59]
- DRC Displacement Data - South Kivu Province - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2018-03-02T00:00:00 TO 2022-07-30T23:59:59]
- Demographic Republic of the Congo: Displacement - [Déplacé] - Site Assessment [OCHA] - Commissions Mouvements de Populations (CMP), OIM, OCHA et Partenaires - [2021-06-01T00:00:00 TO 2022-07-31T23:59:59]
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: Displacement - [returnees] - Site Assessment [OCHA] - Commissions Mouvements de Populations (CMP), OIM, OCHA et Partenaires - [2020-01-07T00:00:00 TO 2022-07-31T23:59:59]
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - Subnational Population Statistics - Health Zone population statistics developed by the DRC IM Working Group - [2019-09-12T00:00:00 TO *]
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2008-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2021-12-31T23:59:59]
- GRID3 Democratic Republic of the Congo Settlement Extents, Version 01.02 - Center for International Earth Science Information Network; Novel-T - [2022-04-04T00:00:00 TO *]
- DRC Displacement Data - North Kivu Province - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2021-03-15T00:00:00 TO 2021-04-20T23:59:59]
- Democratic Republic of the Congo: Humanitarian Needs Overview - Multiple sources (Humanitarian Partners) - [2018-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2022-12-31T23:59:59]