A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than 5 million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile; humanitarian needs are projected to be higher in 2021 than at the beginning of 2020, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. Over 941,000 refugees from DRC live in African host countries. DRC also hosts about 527,000 refugees, mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola.? Since mid-December 2020, 92,000 refugees fleeing violence related to the 27 December elections in CAR have arrived in Bas-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, and Sud-Ubangi provinces. Most of the arrivals are located in villages close to the river border, where access is a challenge and where host communities were already struggling to meet their own needs. ?

Over 7,900 protection incidents were reported across DRC in 2020, a 21% increase from 2019 attributable to the deteriorating security situation in conflict-affected areas. 93% of recorded violations occurred in Nord-Kivu, Ituri, and Sud-Kivu. Reported extrajudicial killings by armed groups increased dramatically, from 1,029 in 2019 to 2,487 in 2020. ?

19.6 million people – 29% of the analysed population – are projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This is an increase from the 13.56 million (28% of the analysed population) in the same period last year. It is, however, a decrease from the July–December 2020 period (21.8 million, or 33% of the analysed population), mainly because predictions for the January–June 2021 period include the easing of COVID-19 restrictions and favourable weather conditions. Insecurity, displacement, and poor transport infrastructure will continue to hamper the population’s access to food.?

Latest Developments

16/09/2021: Intercommunal clashes in Boyawozo village, Businga territory (Nord Ubangi province) resulted in several deaths and injured people. At least 39 homes and schools were burnt and more than 400 people displaced to several camps in the province. The IDPs urgently need shelter, food, NFIs, medical care and school supplies.?

16/09/2021: Over 16-18 August, at least 20,700 people fled Batwa Kadimba, Mweka territory (Kasai region), to other villages in Mweka and Dimbelenge territories following clashes between the Congolese army and an armed group.  Needs of the displaced are not yet known.?

08/09/2021: On 4 September, at least 30 people were killed in Luna-Samboko village, in Irumu territory (Ituri province) in an attack attributed to the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF). This happened four days after a convoy heading to Beni was ambushed in an attack also attributed to the ADF, resulting in 10 people dead and 14 vehicles burned.  At least 534 fatalities been recorded in Ituri since President Tshisekedi declared a state of siege in eastern DRC (Ituri and North Kivu provinces) on 6 May 2021, in response to rising insecurity. The violence is hampering humanitarian access in Ituri and resulting in displacement. The number of people displaced by these attacks is unclear, but Ituri currently hosts some 1.7 million IDPs in total. Newly displaced people seek refuge within local communities, adding pressure to the very limited resources available. IDPs' priority needs are health, food, shelter and WASH.?

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.6

Impact: 4.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 4.8

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
HDX datasets

29 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: