A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Population displacement is frequent and repeated, and mostly driven by armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. More than five million people are internally displaced. The situation in the eastern provinces remains particularly volatile: humanitarian needs are high, as displaced and local populations are faced with violence, food insecurity, floods, disease outbreaks, and the secondary effects of COVID-19 restrictions. Over 1 million refugees from DRC live in African host countries as at 30 September. DRC hosted about 522,000 refugees (mainly from Rwanda, Central African Republic, Congo, and Angola) as at 30 September.?Since mid-December 2020, 92,000 refugees fleeing violence related to the 27 December elections in CAR have arrived in Bas-Uele, Nord-Ubangi, and Sud-Ubangi provinces. Most of the arrivals are located in villages close to the river border, where access is a challenge and where host communities were already struggling to meet their own needs. ?

Over 7,900 protection incidents were reported across DRC in 2020, a 21% increase from 2019 attributable to the deteriorating security situation in conflict-affected areas. 93% of recorded violations occurred in Nord-Kivu, Ituri, and Sud-Kivu. Reported extrajudicial killings by armed groups increased dramatically, from 1,029 in 2019 to 2,487 in 2020. ?

The food crisis in DRC is likely to worsen in the months to come. From January–June 2022, 25.9 million people are estimated in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or above, with 5.4 million people estimated in Emergency (IPC Phase 4). 19.6 million people were projected to need food assistance for the January–June 2021 period. This deterioration is explained by poor harvests, displacement caused by waves of violence, and crops’ diseases.? 

Latest Developments

04/01/2023: Around 107,000 have been displaced within Mahagi and Aru territories (Ituri province) since mid November 2022 following clashes between CODECO and Zaire armed groups, and attacks against civilians. At least 62 civilians have been killed, 2,000 houses burnt and three schools destroyed. IDPs’ most urgent needs include food, shelter and healthcare.?

21/12/2022: At least 169 people have died following landslides, flash floods, mudflows, and rivers’ overflow across the capital Kinshasa over 12-14 December. Around 280 houses were destroyed and more than 38,000 people’s homes were flooded. Farmland, schools, and other public infrastructure were destroyed by floods – considered to be among the worst in Kinshasa in two decades. Mont-Ngafula and Ngaliema are the most affected communes. Most urgent needs for the affected people include food, healthcare, and cash assistance. Unregulated settlement and the lack of water drainage infrastructure have aggravated the impact of floods. Landslides have destroyed a section of National Road 1, which connects Kinshasa to Kongo-Central province, the only route that supplies Kinshasa with food and other essential goods, raising fears of higher food prices in Kinshasa. More heavy rain is likely in the coming days, affecting more people as the rainy season runs from October to April. ?

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.2

Impact: 4.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 4.4

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
HDX datasets

31 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: