More than 2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Somalia. ?The country also has a high number of IDPs and refugees who have left the country, with more than 3.6 million who have been displaced by conflict, insecurity, forced evictions, droughts, and floods.? Clan disputes, protests, the weakness of the national forces, the gradual withdrawal of the African Union Mission in Somalia, Islamic State and continuing Al Shabaab attacks cause insecurity and instability across Somalia.

The insecurity, along with displacement and limited WASH interventions, has complicated the health crisis. Essential primary healthcare is largely unavailable. Vulnerable groups include female-headed households, children, the elderly, people with disabilities and marginalised communities. 2.6 million people are estimated in need of protection.?There are around 34,000 refugees and asylum-seekers registered in Somalia, mainly from Ethiopia.?

Food security and nutrition are deteriorating, particularly in northern and central Somalia. Rainfall levels through mid-April are expected to be the lowest on record since 1981 and the deficit is forecast to continue into May. The water shortage is already resulting in increased commodity prices, deterioration of livestock and agropastoral conditions, and internal displacement of people. As a result of the deteriorating humanitarian crisis, the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) levels of food insecurity is now projected to reach approximately 2.2 million by July.?An estimated 903,000 children under five years are likely to face acute malnutrition in 2019, including 138,200 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM).?

INFORM measures Somalia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 9.1/10.?

Latest Developments

12/12: On 6 December, tropical cyclone Pawan hit the state of Puntland, Somalia. The regions of Bari and Nugaal were particularly hit with strong winds, heavy rains and flash floods. Houses and property were damaged or destroyed, leading to the displacement of around 4,800 people. According to UN OCHA, at least 32,000 people have lost their livelihoods, as fishing boats, livestock, and more than 700 farms were destroyed. Transport infrastructure was also damaged, including 4 main roads, which has impeded the delivery of humanitarian assistance. ?

05/12: Riverine and flash flooding has affected populations in Jubaland, South West, and Hirshabelle states. As of 5 December, 570,000 people have been affected, including more than 300,000 people who have been displaced.?Approximately 80,000 people out of at least 240,000 displaced have been able to return to the heavily flooded district of Belet Weyne in Hiraan region. ? However, some areas remain inaccessible, complicating the delivery of humanitarian assistance. The impact the rains will have on food security is not yet clear. While in some regions the rains have led to improvements for pastures, crops, and livestock body conditions, flooding has destroyed fields, crops, and inundated farmland in others. Heavy rains are expected to continue over the next week, likely leading to further flooding and an increased need for humanitarian intervention. ?

Read more in our special report Floods in the southern regions of Somalia

Key Figures

People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.7

Impact: 4.4

Humanitarian Conditions: 3

Complexity: 4.4

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Strengthen the predictability and effectiveness of multi sectorial services at site level through improved site management and coordination.
  2. Improve living conditions of displaced people through site development, care and maintenance.
  3. Strengthen community self-management and access to information for displaced populations.
  4. Support opportunities for displaced people to achieve durable solutions.




Title Uploaded
CCCM Cluster Somalia - Terms of Reference 17 May 2017
Title Theme Post Date
CCCM Case Studies 2016 - 2019: Chapter 2 28 Aug 2019
IDP Sites Kismayo, Somalia Displacement 14 May 2018
HDX datasets

10 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: