About eight million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance, largely as a consequence of internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards.? Intercommunal violence escalated dramatically in several regions throughout 2018, resulting in more than 1.3 million new displacements and increasing Ethiopia’s total IDP population to 2.4 million.? Ethiopia also hosts more than 900,000 refugees.? Over 99% of the refugees come from four neighbouring countries: South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea, and most currently reside in camp settings.?

Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia are significantly impacted by recurrent natural hazards, in particular drought and flooding. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nearly all of Somali regional state, one of the regions most affected by food insecurity, is in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) and IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).? Nationwide, approximately 7.88 million people continue to require emergency food assistance.?

INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern at 7.7/10.?

Latest Developments

26/05/2020: An outbreak of Dracunculiasis (Guinea worm disease) was reported in Gog district of Ethiopia's Gambella region. Seven cases were reported (no fatalities). Spread of the parasitic disease through contaminated drinking water sources is increasing the risk of more infections. Rural and isolated communities are most vulnerable because they lack safe water sources, are hard to reach, and have large refugee influxes. Regular cross-border movements between Ethiopia and South Sudan creates risk of international spread. The Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Program (EDAP) and the WHO are providing emergency assistance and education on disease prevention.?

07/05/2020: Heavy rains beginning in April resulted in flash floods, landslides and severe infrastructure damage across countries in East Africa. In Ethiopia, rains began on 24 April and resulted in landslides. Flooding mostly affected Dire Dawa, Jinka town, Afar Erer, Sitti, Nogob, Korahe, and the zones of Gamo, Halaba, Silite and Basketo. A river in Jinka town overflowed, destroying livestock, land, and infrastructure, while the main bridges in Hudet, Negalle, Mubarak and Filtu were destroyed. Twelve fatalities were reported, with 219,000 people affected overall, including 107,000 internally displaced.? In Djibouti, widespread flash flooding affected Djibouti city, Balbala town, the regions of Arta, Ali Sabieh, and the Ali Addeh refugee village. The most affected neighbourhoods were Ambouli, Damerjog, Boulaos, Chebelley, Einguela, Iskoutir, Quartiers 1- 4, Arhiba and PK20. A COVID-19 testing facility in Bouffard hospital (Djibouti city) was flooded, disrupting testing and other health services. Over 110,000 people including refugees residing in rural and urban areas, migrants, and host communities have been affected, with eight fatalities recorded.?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.9

Impact: 3.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 3.3

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
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HDX datasets

15 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: