Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, more than 226,000 civilians – including 29,000 children – have died as a result of the conflict.?6.5 million people are internally displaced in Syria, and 5.6 million are registered refugees in neighbouring countries. Turkey hosts the largest number of Syrian refugees, followed by Lebanon and Jordan. An estimated 11.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with significant health, education, WASH, shelter, protection, and food needs. Years of conflict have left healthcare centres, hospitals, schools, and water and sanitation systems damaged or destroyed.?
Syria faces an economic crisis, and the value of the Syrian pound has dropped to record lows. The economic downturn – which began when the conflict erupted – has accelerated since late 2019, leading to soaring prices of food, fuel, and other critical items. The cost of basic staples has increased by over 100% since late 2019.?Food prices are 20 times higher than their pre-conflict levels. Households are forced to adopt negative coping mechanisms, including child labour, early marriage, and cutting or reducing meals. As of 2020, an estimated 9.3 million people in Syria – more than half the current population, and the highest level ever recorded in the country – are food insecure, up from an estimated 7.9 million in 2019.?
Military operations in Northwest Syria in and around Idlib displaced nearly a million people between December 2019–February 2020. There are an estimated 2.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Northwest Syria. Over four million people reside in Northeast Syria, including thousands of internally displaced people and imprisoned members of Islamic State who are living in severely overcrowded conditions.?
04/04/2021: Teachers' strike over unpaid work has been ongoing since early February in northwest Syria. About 35% of teachers in 320 schools in northwest Syria have not received a salary for over a year. 25% of schools are relying on unpaid teachers’ work in the area. Inability to pay teachers and the ongoing strike are likely to disrupt children's access to education ?.
24/03/2021: A surgical hospital in Al-Atareb in Aleppo was hit by artillery shelling on 21 March. Six civilians were killed and 17 injured, including 5 medical staff. The hospital went out of service. It was providing services for around 100,000 people in the area and provide medical care to about 3,820 patients per month ?.
21/03/2021: About half of the 4.4 million people in northwest Syria didn't meet their minimum daily bread needs in December 2020. There is a significant gap in bread and bakery assistance in 25 sub-districts where less than half of the population met their bread needs. Half of those sub-districts have high numbers of IDPs ?.
10/03/2021: More than 60 teachers have been detained and 550 dismissed from their jobs in northeast Syria by Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) this year, as at 19 February 2021. Teachers are at risk of arrest, dismissal, or persecution if they refuse to follow the SDF's educational curricula, or reject military conscription ?.
For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.
Crisis Severity: 4.9
Humanitarian Conditions: 5
Access Constraints: 5
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2020 HPC
- Providing streamlined life-saving humanitarian multi-sectoral assistance and strenthening basic infrastructure support in IDP sites.
- Improving the management quality in and accountability of IDP sites.
- Strengthening household and communal coping mechanisms in IDP sites and developing exit strategies.
- Disseminating operational information on movements of IDPs and returns on a timely basis.
- Emergency assistance to conflict-affected displaced in North West Syria
- Winterization intervention and camp-exit support activities in Idleb IDPs sites
- Rehabilitation the infrastructure for camps in Northern Syria to be suitable for living during the winter season 2019-2020
- Lifesaving emergency support to conflict affected IDPs in Northern Syria camps and resilience enhancement of the camp residents by designing and implementing exit strategy
- Supporting Rehabilitation of Infrastructure in IDPs sites in Northwest Syria
- Multi-sectorial Assistance to IDPs in camps and informal settlements in Northwest Syria
- Camp Rehabilitation/Graveling and Insulation Works - Providing Resilience Shelter (Pilot) NW Syria
- Support IDPs resilience and exit strategy in North West Syria
- Providing multisectoral life-saving humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people living in IDP sites in Northwest Syria
- Population movement monitoring in northwest Syria
- Providing resilient shelters to be installed in areas with needs
- Tents Ground Insulation in Northwest Syria
- Supporting IDPs sites in Northwest Syria through the provision of multisetoral services
- Road Graveling for Key Access Roads in Atmeh Camp
- Improving living conditions in seven camps in A'zaz district
- Increase IDP’s resilience through establishing and improving 10 IDP informal Settlement’s Infrastructure in Northwest Syria
- Site Improvement and Tents insulation in IDPs Sites in Northwest Syria
- Supporting the IDPs resilience to enable an exit strategy and enhance accountable management in IDPs sites
- Contribute to reduce the suffering of displaced families in the camps in the winter
- Upgrading and Management of IDP sites in northern Syria
- Improvement Alresala Camp against winter
- Supporting the IDPs in camps with life-saving, assistance and providing emergency reception center
|Syria Cross Border - CCCM Cluster Induction Packet||17 Mar 2021|
|Fire Prevention and Response Guidance Note (عربي)||14 Dec 2020|
|CCCM Cluster Strategy 2020-2021||08 Dec 2020|
|Fire Prevention and Response Guidance Note||04 Dec 2020|
|CCCM COVID-19 Guidance Notes(ar)||04 May 2020|
|CCCM COVID-19 Guidance Notes||04 May 2020|
|Camp Establishment Guidance Notes||17 Feb 2020|
|HLP sensitive interventions in IDP Sites||17 Feb 2020|
|CCCM Cluster||11 Apr 2021|
|Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Jan 2021 [EN]||01 Apr 2021|
|IDP Sites Integrated Monitoring Matrix (ISIMM), February 2021||19 Mar 2021|
|Syrian Arab Republic: Cross Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey - Dec 2020 [EN]||17 Mar 2021|
|CCCM Cluster||01 Mar 2021|
23 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Population, Displacement and Return Movements in Northern Syria - Assistance Coordination Unit - [2020-06-01T00:00:00 TO *]
- Syrian Arab Republic - Subnational Administrative Divisions - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - [2022-01-15T00:00:00 TO *]
- Syria IDP flow data - September 2017 - Syria IDP Task Force (OCHA Turkey, OCHA Jordan, OCHA Damascus, CCCM cluster and NPM - [2017-10-23T00:00:00 TO 2017-10-23T23:59:59]
- Syrian Arab Republic - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2009-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-31T23:59:59]
- Northwest Syria: Needs and Intentions of New IDP Arrivals in Camps and Informal Sites - REACH Initiative - [2019-12-25T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-27T23:59:59]
- Rapid Needs Assessment for Idleb Governorate and Surrounding Communities May 24-31 - REACH Initiative - [2018-06-11T00:00:00 TO 2018-06-11T23:59:59]
- Syrian Arab Republic - Water Bodies - Open Street Map - [2012-12-31T00:00:00 TO 2012-12-31T23:59:59]
- Population Monitoring Initiative - November 2017 - iMMAP - [2017-11-15T00:00:00 TO 2017-11-19T23:59:59]
- Syria IDP flow data - February 2018 - Syria IDP Task Force (OCHA Turkey, OCHA Jordan, OCHA Damascus, PMI and CCCM cluster) - [2018-03-23T00:00:00 TO 2018-03-23T23:59:59]
- Syrian Arab Republic populated places - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - [2018-03-09T00:00:00 TO 2018-03-09T23:59:59]