At least 224,000 civilians, including 29,000 children, have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011. ?An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 6.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. ?
The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues, including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army. ?
Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab Army has been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.
For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.
16/07/2020: Eleven confirmed cases of COVID-19 were registered in northwest Syria as of 15 July: eight cases in Idleb governorate and three in Aleppo governorate (Azaz). Three doctors and a nurse were among the confirmed cases. Observers fear a potentially extensive outbreak in the area, which hosts hundreds of overcrowded IDP camps and has extremely limited healthcare capacity. The announcement comes as the Bab al Salam border crossing connecting Turkey and northwest Syria was closed on 11 July following UNSC resolution 2533. In May, medical supplies transiting through Bab al Salam reached one million people, and around 800,000 IDPs were served through the crossing point. The closure’s impact on people in need is still unclear, but humanitarian organisations will have to reshuffle their logistics and undertake more complex, costly, and risky delivery operations. The Bab al Hawa crossing between Turkey and northwest Syria will remain operational for one year.?
Crisis Severity: 4.8
Humanitarian Conditions: 5
Access Constraints: 5
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2020 HPC
- Providing streamlined life-saving humanitarian multi-sectoral assistance and strenthening basic infrastructure support in IDP sites.
- Improving the management quality in and accountability of IDP sites.
- Strengthening household and communal coping mechanisms in IDP sites and developing exit strategies.
- Disseminating operational information on movements of IDPs and returns on a timely basis.
- Emergency assistance to conflict-affected displaced in North West Syria
- Winterization intervention and camp-exit support activities in Idleb IDPs sites
- Rehabilitation the infrastructure for camps in Northern Syria to be suitable for living during the winter season 2019-2020
- Lifesaving emergency support to conflict affected IDPs in Northern Syria camps and resilience enhancement of the camp residents by designing and implementing exit strategy
- Supporting Rehabilitation of Infrastructure in IDPs sites in Northwest Syria
- Multi-sectorial Assistance to IDPs in camps and informal settlements in Northwest Syria
- Camp Rehabilitation/Graveling and Insulation Works - Providing Resilience Shelter (Pilot) NW Syria
- Support IDPs resilience and exit strategy in North West Syria
- Providing multisectoral life-saving humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people living in IDP sites in Northwest Syria
- Population movement monitoring in northwest Syria
- Providing resilient shelters to be installed in areas with needs
- Tents Ground Insulation in Northwest Syria
- Supporting IDPs sites in Northwest Syria through the provision of multisetoral services
- Road Graveling for Key Access Roads in Atmeh Camp
- Improving living conditions in seven camps in A'zaz district
- Increase IDP’s resilience through establishing and improving 10 IDP informal Settlement’s Infrastructure in Northwest Syria
- Site Improvement and Tents insulation in IDPs Sites in Northwest Syria
- Supporting the IDPs resilience to enable an exit strategy and enhance accountable management in IDPs sites
- Contribute to reduce the suffering of displaced families in the camps in the winter
- Upgrading and Management of IDP sites in northern Syria
- Improvement Alresala Camp against winter
- Supporting the IDPs in camps with life-saving, assistance and providing emergency reception center
|CCCM Cluster||11 Aug 2020|
|IDP Sites Integrated Monitoring Matrix (ISIMM), June 2020||16 Jul 2020|
|MSNA in Idleb Camps - CARE and partners (Ihsan, Violet, and Shafak)||16 Jul 2020|
|CCCM Cluster||09 Jul 2020|
|CCCM Multisectoral Service Monitoring Factsheet||02 Jul 2020|
22 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Syrian Arab Republic - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2009-12/31/2019
- Syrian Arab Republic - Administrative Boundaries, Populated Places - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - 06/01/2017
- Northwest Syria: Needs and Intentions of New IDP Arrivals in Camps and Informal Sites - REACH Initiative - 12/25/2019-12/27/2019
- Rapid Needs Assessment for Idleb Governorate and Surrounding Communities May 24-31 - REACH Initiative - 06/11/2018
- Syrian Arab Republic - Water Bodies - Open Street Map - 12/31/2012
- Population Monitoring Initiative - November 2017 - iMMAP - 11/15/2017-11/19/2017
- Syria IDP flow data - February 2018 - Syria IDP Task Force (OCHA Turkey, OCHA Jordan, OCHA Damascus, PMI and CCCM cluster) - 03/23/2018
- Syrian Arab Republic populated places - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - 03/09/2018
- Syria IDP flow data - January 2018 - Syria IDP Task Force (OCHA Turkey, OCHA Jordan, OCHA Damascus, PMI and CCCM cluster) - 02/23/2018
- Syria IDP flow data - 2017 - Syria IDP Task Force (OCHA Turkey, OCHA Jordan, OCHA Damascus and CCCM cluster - 02/15/2018