At least 220,000 civilians have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011.? An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 7.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. ?
The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army.
Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab army have been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.
11/08: Violence in northwest Syria continues as air raids on civilian targets such as schools, hospitals, markets and shops have intensified as of mid-July. The Syrian regime called a ceasefire on 1 August which halted the airstrikes until 5 August when military operations resumed. Daily attacks in the last month have had a severe impact on civilians as the humanitarian situation in northern Hama, southern Idleb and western Aleppo is deteriorating rapidly. At least a hundred civilians have been killed in the latest round of airstrikes since mid-July. The total number of civilian casualties since the start of the escalation late April ranges between 450 and 700 people. Some 440,000 people have been forced to flee their homes, most of whom have sought shelter near the Turkish border in densely populated areas where humanitarian response is over-stretched. Those left behind are often the most vulnerable who lack the economic means or physical ability to flee. Humanitarian access has become increasingly restricted due to insecurity. Humanitarian conditions in northwest Syria are dire and needs are mounting. ?
30/07: Dire conditions, severe food shortages and lack of medical care have driven thousands of people to leave Rukban camp in the last couple of months. Reports estimate the current population to be 11,000 compared to a U.N. estimate of 41,000 in February. People in the camp are reportedly experiencing severe malnutrition as humanitarian access remains severely restricted. Rukban, located in a demilitarised zone on the border between Syria, Jordan and Iraq, hosts IDPs who fled airstrikes in eastern Homes three years ago. People who leave the camp undergo a security screening by Syrian government forces raising the risk of arrest for those who are perceived to be part of the opposition. ?
11/06: Multiple fires have destroyed some 400 square kilometres of farmland in the conflict-affected northwest since 10 May. Wheat and barley crops have been burned, severely affecting the already strained food security and livelihood situation in the region. The large-scale crop burning is also expected to have adverse effects on the health of civilians, many of whom are already struggling with respiratory diseases. The cause of the fires is thought to be intentional in some cases and collateral damage of the conflict in others. ?
Crisis Severity: 4.8
Humanitarian Conditions: 5
Access Constraints: 5
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- Emergency assistance to conflict-affected displaced in North West Syria
- Winterization intervention and camp-exit support activities in Idleb IDPs sites
- Rehabilitation the infrastructure for camps in Northern Syria to be suitable for living during the winter season 2019-2020
- Lifesaving emergency support to conflict affected IDPs in Northern Syria camps and resilience enhancement of the camp residents by designing and implementing exit strategy
- Supporting Rehabilitation of Infrastructure in IDPs sites in Northwest Syria
- Multi-sectorial Assistance to IDPs in camps and informal settlements in Northwest Syria
- Camp Rehabilitation/Graveling and Insulation Works - Providing Resilience Shelter (Pilot) NW Syria
- Support IDPs resilience and exit strategy in North West Syria
- Providing multisectoral life-saving humanitarian assistance to the most vulnerable people living in IDP sites in Northwest Syria
- Population movement monitoring in northwest Syria
- Providing resilient shelters to be installed in areas with needs
- Tents Ground Insulation in Northwest Syria
- Supporting IDPs sites in Northwest Syria through the provision of multisetoral services
- Road Graveling for Key Access Roads in Atmeh Camp
- Improving living conditions in seven camps in A'zaz district
- Increase IDP’s resilience through establishing and improving 10 IDP informal Settlement’s Infrastructure in Northwest Syria
- Site Improvement and Tents insulation in IDPs Sites in Northwest Syria
- Supporting the IDPs resilience to enable an exit strategy and enhance accountable management in IDPs sites
- Contribute to reduce the suffering of displaced families in the camps in the winter
- Upgrading and Management of IDP sites in northern Syria
- Improvement Alresala Camp against winter
- Supporting the IDPs in camps with life-saving, assistance and providing emergency reception center
|Syrian Arab Republic: Turkey/Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities…||20 Aug 2019|
|Syrian Arab Republic: Turkey/Syria: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from…||20 Aug 2019|
|Syrian Arab Republic: Syria crisis response summary, 8 August 2019||20 Aug 2019|
|Romania: UNHCR Romania Factsheet||20 Aug 2019|
|Moldova: UNHCR Moldova Factsheet||20 Aug 2019|
3 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Syrian Arab Republic - Administrative Boundaries, Populated Places - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - 06/01/2017
- Syrian Arab Republic - Water Bodies - Open Street Map - 12/31/2012
- Syrian Arab Republic populated places - United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) and United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) - 03/09/2018