Five years of civil war have led to widespread human rights violations large-scale internal displacement and refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, as well as largely deteriorated food security. Clashes continue despite a peace agreement in 2018, causing further displacements. Intercommunal violence is widespread, with cattle raids a common source of tension, particularly between agro-pastoralist communities. Over 4.5 million people are estimated to be displaced, including 1.83 million IDPs and 2.29 million South Sudanese refugees. In addition, South Sudan host nearly 300,000 refugees from Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia and CAR.?Severe food insecurity persists across South Sudan, affecting 6.45 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties. The conflict and displacement have led to disruptions of food production, livelihoods, and humanitarian assistance, as well as deterioration of the economy. ?The main rainy season from June-September has a significant impact on road access. Attacks and ambushes on humanitarian convoys severely hamper the delivery of assistance and access to populations in need. ?

INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, down from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.?

Latest Developments

Heavy seasonal rains and floods are continuing across South Sudan, where a state of emergency has been declared in 30 counties. According to UN OCHA, between 600,000 and 800,000 people have been affected ?. Figures are still being confirmed and needs assessments are ongoing. Need for humanitarian assistance is high in the east and north east of the country, particularly in counties Maban and Pibor. Concerns are high in Maban, which is home to over 150,000 refugees. Humanitarian response is currently focused on providing those affected with safe drinking water, medical care, and shelter. However, floodwaters are obstructing the delivery of aid and hindering access to those in need, including to refugee camps. The counties hardest hit by the rains are expected to face heightened level of needs, including acute food shortages and an increased risk of the spread of disease, such as cholera.?

Key Figures

People displaced
Fatalities reported
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4

Impact: 4.2

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 3.8

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required

HDX datasets

10 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: