Five years of civil war have led to widespread human rights violations large-scale internal displacement and refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, as well as largely deteriorated food security. Clashes continue despite a peace agreement in 2018, causing further displacements. Intercommunal violence is widespread, with cattle raids a common source of tension, particularly between agro-pastoralist communities. Over 4.5 million people are estimated to be displaced, including 1.83 million IDPs and 2.29 million South Sudanese refugees. In addition, South Sudan host nearly 300,000 refugees from Sudan, DRC, Ethiopia and CAR.?Severe food insecurity persists across South Sudan, affecting 6.45 million people. Critical malnutrition levels are reported in 31 counties. The conflict and displacement have led to disruptions of food production, livelihoods, and humanitarian assistance, as well as deterioration of the economy. ?The main rainy season from June-September has a significant impact on road access. Attacks and ambushes on humanitarian convoys severely hamper the delivery of assistance and access to populations in need. ?

INFORM measures South Sudan's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be very high, at 8.9/10, down from 9/10 in 2018. South Sudan's vulnerability is measured at 9.2/10.?

Latest Developments

02/07: The onset of heavy rains in South Sudan in June is worsening the already dire humanitarian situation. In Fangak state, where up to 30,000 people might be affected, the rains and subsequent flooding have destroyed sources of livelihood, increasing food insecurity. Lack of shelter and WASH facilities will likely increase health needs and the risk of waterborne diseases. In mid June in Kapoeta state, houses collapsed because of the flooding, causing the death of 35 people and leaving many other homeless. The heavy rains in Twic country, Jonglei state have destroyed hundreds of houses and farms, and also made roads leading to this area impassable leaving the communities affected cut off from any supply. Prices in the markets are already increasing and restricted access is preventing the distribution of medicines while 123 cases of diarrhoea have been reported. ?

26/06: South Sudan is among the countries experiencing an upsurge of measles cases. Since the beginning of 2019, measles outbreaks have been confirmed in 13 counties and four Protection of Civilian sites (PoCs) housing displaced populations. As of 9 June, 1,187 cases have been reported, affecting over 908 children and claiming at least seven lives. Five children from Wau have also died from suspected measles. The risk of the disease spreading is higher among displaced populations as they move in and out of PoCs where outbreaks have been confirmed. ?

Key Figures

People displaced
Fatalities reported
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.1

Impact: 4.4

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 3.9

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required

HDX datasets

5 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: