The ‘Moro conflict’ in Mindanao between the Philippines government and Moro Muslim groups has been ongoing since 1969, with increasing intensity over the last decade. The conflict has led to widespread displacement, as well as infrastructure and shelter damage. The year 2019 began with the prospects of a peace deal, with March bringing the establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). However, violence, especially related to armed groups excluded from the peace process, continued across Mindanao throughout 2019, forcing 117,000 people from their homes.?

Armed conflict and violence is particularly high in the provinces of Lanao Del Sur, Maguindanao, and Sulu, where clashes between the Philippine military and armed groups, such as Abu Sayaff Group, occur frequently.  The seige of Marawi City, a five-month battle between pro-Islamic State fighters and the Philippine military occurred in 2017 and destroyed much of the city and displaced 400,000 people from Marawi and nearby towns. Two years later, approximately 130,000 residents from Marawi are still in temporary shelters or with relatives, unable to return home because much of the city remains in ruins. Estimates suggest it could take as muc ha 5 years to rebuild the city.?

The Mindanao Region is also extremely prone to natural disasters, including flooding, cyclones, and earthquakes, which drive the majority of displacement in the region. 

INFORM measures Philippines's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.5/10.?

Latest Developments

The number of polio cases in the Philippines continues to rise since the declaration of a national outbreak in September and a first case of transmission across the national border to Malaysia has been detected. As of 11 December, there are nine confirmed human polio cases of circulating vaccine derived polio type 2 (cVDPV2), all from Mindanao island (BARMM and Region XII). In addition, the Philippines is now also affected by an outbreak of circulating vaccine derived polio type 1 (cVDPV1) detected in environmental samples in Manila. A child from Basilan, BARMM, has been infected with vaccine derived polio type 1 (VDPV1). This virus has spread to Malaysia where a child in Sabah State diagnosed with polio has been confirmed to have been infected by a virus (cVDPV1) genetically linked to the case in Basilan. Malaysia had been declared polio-free along with the Philippines and other countries in the Western Pacific region in 2000.?

19/12/2019 On 15 December, a 6.9 magnitude earthquake struck Matanao, Davao del Sur province, on Mindanao island. As of 17 December, 108,000 people are estimated to have been affected in Region XI of which 14,000 persons are staying in evacuation centres and 18,000 people are outside evacuation centers. A total of eleven fatalities and over 200 injuries have been confirmed. Assessments on the ground are still ongoing. The impact adds to previous damage caused by an earthquake series affecting Tulunan, Cotabato province, in October. Aftershocks continue to affect the region.?

19/12/2019 During November armed conflict broke out multiple times between the Philippine Armed Forces and a faction of the armed non-state group Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) in Maguindanao. The conflict has triggered mass displacement across five municipalities. As of 16 December, about 32,000 persons are staying in evacuation centers and 11,600 outside of evacuation centers.?

12/12/2019 Between 2 and 3 December typhoon Tisoy (internationally referred to as Kammuri) struck the Philippines making landfall several times causing heavy winds, rain, and flooding. As of 12 December, the National Disaster Risk Reduction an Management Council (NDRRMC) reports that the typhoon affected 5 regions and a total of over 1,9 million people. Over 450,000 people were preemptively evacuated and 85,508 people remain displaced of which 75,900 are in evacuation centres. The NDRRMC also confirmed 4 fatalities and says over 300 people got injured. The main affected regions are in the central Philippines including the regions of Bicol, Calabarzon, Eastern Visayas, and Mimaropa. The affected areas experienced the destruction of infrastructure and houses, flooding and interruptions of electricity and telecommunication of which some continue to face electricity cuts and impassable roads while clearing operations are ongoing.?

Key Figures

People displaced
Fatalities reported
Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 2

Impact: 3.2

Humanitarian Conditions: 1

Complexity: 2.9

Access Constraints: 2

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: