* Nigeria is a Cluster-like Sector response.


The Boko Haram insurgency in northeastern Nigeria, surging banditry violence in the northwest, incessant farmer/herder conflict in the Middle Belt and a growing Cameroonian refugee population in the south have contributed to a complex humanitarian crisis. Boko Haram, and its break-out faction ISWAP have continued insurgent activities for over 10 years, including military garrison attacks and attacks on communities and infrastructure. Nigerian government forces and the African Union Multinational Joint Task Force have responded to the militant groups' activities with military operations, causing further insecurity and displacement. The insurgency has further spread to Niger, Chad and Cameroon in the Lake Chad Basin with over 1.8m people internally displaced in Nigeria alone.?

In Nigeria's northwest, activities of 'bandits' in Sokoto, Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Zamfara and Katsina states have internally displaced over 160,000 people while causing about 41,000 more to flee to Maradi in neighbouring Niger.?Bandits have engaged in killings, kidnappings for ransom, cattle rustling, and sexual violence in communities.

Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.?

The intensification of Cameroon's Anglophone crisis has pushed more than 60,000 people across the Bakassi peninsula into Nigeria.? These refugees are hosted in Nigerian states of Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River and Taraba states. Many of the refugees are in need of food, WASH, health, relief and non-relief materials.

Latest Developments

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.2

Impact: 4.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 4.4

Access Constraints: 5

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2021 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Enhanced displacement management in camps and out of camp settings to ensure a protective environment through an effective flow of information to facilitate coordination and quality of integrated service provision.
  2. Enhance resilience and improved ability of communities and local partners to cope with displacement and ensure local ownership and self-governance through inclusive participation, gender mainstreaming and engagement of displaced persons.

HDX datasets

27 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: