* Nigeria is a Cluster-like Sector response.


In the northeast, the Boko Haram insurgency has affected more than 14 million people, and more than seven million are in need.? After 10 years of conflict the group continues to carry out high-profile attacks against the military and civilians in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states. In 2019, an escalation of Boko Haram attack in Borno state has been observed. Some 800,000 people in northeast Nigeria are entirely inaccessible.?

Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.?

Farmer-herder conflict across the Middle-Belt region and the Boko Haram conflict in northeast Nigeria have severely affected food production systems. The latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis indicates that about 4.3 million people face food insecurity (IPC Phases 3-5) in the current October-December period.?The areas most severely affected by food insecurity include Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in northeast Nigeria.

INFORM measures Nigeria's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 6.9/10.?

Latest Developments

21/01/2020: On 16 January 2020, a UN humanitarian facility in Ngala, Nigeria’s border town close to Cameroon was attacked by insurgents. The facility housed humanitarian workers providing assistance to displaced persons. About 20 displaced persons were reportedly killed after the attackers opened fire and detonated vehicle-borne explosive devices. Neither ISWAP nor Boko Haram have claimed responsibility for the attack.?

15/01/2020: 5 aid workers abducted by insurgent groups along Monguno/Maiduguri road on 22 December 2019 have been released. Their release followed negotiations between their abductors and the Nigerian Department of State Services (DSS). 12 aid workers lost their lives in Nigeria’s northeast in 2019, as opposed to 6 in 2018.?

09/01/2020: On 8 January 2020, ISWAP attacked Monguno, a border town between Nigeria and Chad. About 28 soldiers were reportedly killed with over 750 houses destroyed. Over 1,000 people have been rendered homeless following the attacks which appears to already reflect the impact of the withdrawal of Chadian troops from the MNJTF.? Read more on the withdrawal of Chadian troops here.


Key Figures

People in Need
Moderate humanitarian conditions - Level 3
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.8

Impact: 4.2

Humanitarian Conditions: 3.5

Complexity: 3.9

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Tracking and monitoring the scope of internal displacements, returns and the needs for a comprehensive follow-up to inform interventions across all sectors
  2. Enhanced displacement management to ensure that minimum standards are upheld, and pathways reinforced for direct assistance through capacity building
  3. Support the maintenance, upgrade, care and decongestion of sites through site planning and improvements when required as well as coordinated assistance


Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

22 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: