The humanitarian situation in Myanmar is driven by longstanding conflicts between the Myanmar Armed Forces (the Tatmadaw) and various insurgent groups known as ethnic armed organisations (EAOs). Nearly one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Myanmar, with the highest needs concentrated in Rakhine, Kachin, and Shan states, where various  armed groups have used armed conflict in their pursuit of independence and self-determination.?

Rakhine and Shan states are sites of active conflict. Clashes between EAOs and the Tatmadaw often occur near civilian areas. In Shan, more than 50,000 people have been displaced since 2018. In Rakhine, an August 2017 crackdown against the Rohingya population forced 700,000 to flee to Bangladesh. Since January 2019, conflict has intensified between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw and is still continuing. Protracted conflict-led displacement has left 130,000 IDPs in Rakhine and 9,000 in Shan confined to IDP camps for more than seven years.?

Conflict in Kachin escalated in 2011, following the collapse of a ceasefire between the Kachin Independence Army  and the Tatmadaw. 100,000 people remain in protracted displacement.?

Protection is a key concern across Myanmar as armed conflict and violations of international humanitarian law by the Tatmadaw and armed groups continue to impact civilians. Access to basic services is limited and livelihoods are threatened by conflict and lack of economic opportunity, particularly for the stateless Rohingya in Rakhine and IDPs living in non-government-controlled areas in northern Shan.?

INFORM measures Myanmar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10.?


Latest Developments

75% of the 320 people interviewed in November and December living in IDP camps and villages in Sittwe and Maungdaw townships (Rakhine state) report high levels of indebtedness. They are taking loans to meet their basic needs, including food and healthcare. This is due to movement restrictions linked to COVID-19 and conflict, affecting livelihoods opportunities.?

Key Figures

People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.5

Impact: 3.3

Humanitarian Conditions: 3.7

Complexity: 3.5

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. IDPs receive protection from the elements to support their dignity, security and privacy through provision of NFIs and emergency, temporary or semi-permanent shelter where appropriate
  2. Support management and service provision in IDP camps to improve IDPs’ quality of life

HDX datasets

9 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: