The humanitarian situation in Myanmar is driven by longstanding conflicts between the Myanmar Armed Forces (the Tatmadaw) and various insurgent groups known as ethnic armed organisations (EAOs). Nearly one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Myanmar, with the highest needs concentrated in Rakhine, Kachin, and Shan states, where various armed groups have used armed conflict in their pursuit of independence and self-determination.?
Rakhine and Shan states are sites of active conflict. Clashes between EAOs and the Tatmadaw often occur near civilian areas. In Shan, more than 50,000 people have been displaced since 2018. In Rakhine, an August 2017 crackdown against the Rohingya population forced 700,000 to flee to Bangladesh. Since January 2019, conflict has intensified between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw and is still continuing. Protracted conflict-led displacement has left 130,000 IDPs in Rakhine and 9,000 in Shan confined to IDP camps for more than seven years.?
Conflict in Kachin escalated in 2011, following the collapse of a ceasefire between the Kachin Independence Army and the Tatmadaw. 100,000 people remain in protracted displacement.?
Protection is a key concern across Myanmar as armed conflict and violations of international humanitarian law by the Tatmadaw and armed groups continue to impact civilians. Access to basic services is limited and livelihoods are threatened by conflict and lack of economic opportunity, particularly for the stateless Rohingya in Rakhine and IDPs living in non-government-controlled areas in northern Shan.?
INFORM measures Myanmar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10.?
75% of the 320 people interviewed in November and December living in IDP camps and villages in Sittwe and Maungdaw townships (Rakhine state) report high levels of indebtedness. They are taking loans to meet their basic needs, including food and healthcare. This is due to movement restrictions linked to COVID-19 and conflict, affecting livelihoods opportunities.?
Crisis Severity: 3.5
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.7
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- IDPs receive protection from the elements to support their dignity, security and privacy through provision of NFIs and emergency, temporary or semi-permanent shelter where appropriate
- Support management and service provision in IDP camps to improve IDPs’ quality of life
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9 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Myanmar State and Region Boundaries MIMU v9.2.2 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - [2020-07-31T00:00:00 TO 2020-07-31T23:59:59]
- Myanmar State and Region Boundaries with Sub-regions MIMU v9.2.2 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - [2020-07-31T00:00:00 TO 2020-07-31T23:59:59]
- Myanmar District Boundaries MIMU v9.2.3 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - [2020-07-31T00:00:00 TO 2020-07-31T23:59:59]
- Myanmar - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2008-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-31T23:59:59]
- Myanmar National Boundary MIMU v9.2.1 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - [2020-03-23T00:00:00 TO 2020-03-23T23:59:59]
- Myanmar Towns July 2019 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - [2019-07-18T00:00:00 TO 2019-07-18T23:59:59]
- Myanmar - Transportation network - MIMU - [2019-06-28T00:00:00 TO 2019-06-28T23:59:59]
- Myanmar Sea Port - Myanmar Port Authority - [2019-01-16T00:00:00 TO 2019-01-16T23:59:59]
- Myanmar Population - Census 2014 - UNFPA, DOP, MIMU - [2015-07-16T00:00:00 TO 2015-07-16T23:59:59]