The humanitarian situation in Myanmar is driven by longstanding conflicts between the Myanmar Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) and various insurgent groups known as ethnic armed organisations (EAOs). Nearly one million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in Myanmar, with the highest needs concentrated in Rakhine, Kachin, and Shan, where armed conflict has sought independence and self-determination for various ethnic groups in Myanmar.?
Rakhine and Shan states are sites of active conflict. Clashes between EAOs and the Tatmadaw near civilian areas occur often. In Shan, more than 50,000 people have been displaced since 2018. In Rakhine, the August 2017 crackdown against the Rohingya population forced 700,000 to flee to Bangladesh. This was followed by an intensification of conflict between the Arakan Army (AA) and the Tatmadaw, displacing at least 60,000 people, primarily to Sittwe, since January 2019. Additionally, protracted displacement has left 130,000 in IDPs in Rakhine and 9,000 in Shan confined to IDP camps for more than seven years. ?
Conflict in Kachin escalated in 2011, following the collapse of a ceasefire between the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and the Tatmadaw. Although limited new violence has occurred since 2018, around 100,000 people remain in protracted displacement.?
Protection is a key concern across Myanmar as armed conflict and violations of international humanitarian law by the Tatmadaw and armed groups continue to impact civilians. Access to basic services is limited and livelihoods are threatened by conflict and lack of economic opportunity, particularly for the stateless Rohingya in Rakhine and IDPs living in non-government-controlled areas in northern Shan.?
INFORM measures Myanmar's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster at 6.3/10.?
Since 19 July, flooding has displaced 20,000 people in the Mandalay region. The floods have affected seven townships. The Ayeyarwady river has risen to emergency levels after heavy rains, with the situation worsened by the breaking of a sedimentary dyke upstream. The displaced people are currently being hosted across 14 temporary shelters with immediate needs that include water, hygiene and dignity kits. Risk of COVID -19 transmission is increased by the unsanitary conditions of the shelters and overcrowding, making it challenging to ensure social distancing. Stagnant water from the flooding and the unsanitary conditions of these facilities increases the risk of spread of communicable diseases such as dengue, malaria, and diarrhoeal diseases. The impact on livelihoods is currently unclear with no assessment carried out due to limited access.?
Crisis Severity: 3.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 3
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- IDPs receive protection from the elements to support their dignity, security and privacy through provision of NFIs and emergency, temporary or semi-permanent shelter where appropriate
- Support management and service provision in IDP camps to improve IDPs’ quality of life
9 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Myanmar - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- Myanmar National Boundary MIMU v9.2.1 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - 03/23/2020
- Myanmar State and Region Boundaries MIMU v9.2.1 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - 03/23/2020
- Myanmar State and Region Boundaries with Sub-regions MIMU v9.2.1 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - 03/23/2020
- Myanmar District Boundaries MIMU v9.2.2 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - 03/23/2020
- Myanmar Towns July 2019 - Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU) - 07/18/2019
- Myanmar - Transportation network - MIMU - 06/28/2019
- Myanmar Sea Port - Myanmar Port Authority - 01/16/2019
- Myanmar Population - Census 2014 - UNFPA, DOP, MIMU - 07/16/2015