People are returning home after several years of conflict and displacement, but the Iraqi government still faces significant challenges to ensure safety and stability, functioning infrastructure, and access to basic services and job opportunities. ?Relations with the autonomous Kurdish Region of Iraq (KR-I), which voted for independence in September 2017, remain fragile.?
Some 10,000-15,000 Islamic State (IS) militants are believed to remain in Hamrin Mountains, Kirkuk governorate, Mosul, the southern part of Ninewa governorate, and the desert areas of Anbar governorate. ?
Almost 65% of all people in need are concentrated in Anbar, Ninewa, and Salah al-Din governorates. ?Large scale displacement persists despite the expulsion of IS from Iraqi territory. In December 2017. Return movements slowed in 2018 as returnees often face damaged housing, insecurity, and lack basic services and livelihood opportunities. ?Efforts to reduce areas extensively contaminated with explosive remnants of war are ongoing, however, progress is very slow. ?Additionally, Iraq hosts almost 300,000 refugees and asylum seekers, including 250,000 Syrian refugees, of whom 99% live in KR-I. 69% of all Syrian refugees in Iraq are women and children. ?
The humanitarian crisis is compounded by reoccurring, countrywide natural disasters, such as floods and droughts. INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.2/10. Hazard and exposure, as well as lack of coping capacity, are of particular concern, at 8.6/10 and 7/10 rates. ?
Following an escalation of conflict between the US and Iran which led to attacks on Iraqi soil in December and January, the security situation in the country remains volatile. Reports of hindered humanitarian access including the closure of INGOs’ offices and the impossibility of mobilising humanitarian personnel have emerged.?
For more information on the humanitarian impact of ongoing protests, please see the relevant paragraph below.
Crisis Severity: 4
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- Facilitate and coordinate the provision of multi-sectorial interventions and conduct site risk reduction activities to ensure safe and dignified environment for internally displaced people in formal and informal sites including newly and secondary displaced.
- Empower the affected-population and local actors to prepare, maintain , and coordinate CCCM services.
- Facilitate sustainability of return and support to affected populations. (Community Resource Centres)
- Improve protection and service delivery for conflict-affected population through CCCM
- Camp coordination and camp management of IDP Camps in Iraq
- Provision of in and out of camp CCCM services to conflict affected populations in Iraq
- IM support for the CCCM Cluster and Partners (REACH Initiative)
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management for the Basateen Al Sheoukh IDP Camp and the establishment of a CRC
- Support for returnees and IDPs in Salah Al Din and Ninewa governorates to access services through community structures and coordination mechanisms
- Displacement Management in Formal and Informal Settlements in Iraq and Support to National Actors for Preparedness and Response
- Critical camp management and coordination for highly vulnerable populations in camps and areas of return in Anbar, Ninewa and Salah al-Din
26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 09/01/2019-10/31/2019
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 09/01/2019-10/31/2019
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - 05/01/2016-10/31/2016
- Iraq administrative level 0-3 boundaries - Iraq Central Statistics Office - 06/05/2019
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(DTM) 24 August 2014 - IOM Iraq - 08/24/2014
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - 11/25/2014
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2003
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - 11/24/2014
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations (DTM) 7 August 2014 - IOM Iraq - 08/07/2014