The people of Iraq have endured subsequent crises over the past two decades, including the US-led invasion In 2003, incidents of sectarian violence until 2011, and most recently the occupation by Islamic State (IS) from 2014-2017. The current situation is characterised by significant internal displacement and  severe economic and social decline. Around 1.5 million people are internally displaced, many considered in or at risk of protracted displacement. Over 4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Around 1.8 million are in acute need, of whom almost half are in Ninewa and Al-Anbar governorates.?

Iraqis lack basic services, including electricity and water, and lack job opportunities. Water shortages in the southern provinces in 2018, sparked protests that became widespread by October 2019 as people in Baghdad and Basra protested the lack of basic services, lack of jobs, and corruption. Despite the COVID-19 outbreak and the subsequent containment measures, protests over lack of public services continue across Iraq.?

Insecurity is widespread and tensions recur between the different sects, and between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Federal government. Tensions rose between the federal government and the Sunni and the Kurdish populations with the formation of the largely Shia militia the Popular Mobilization Forces (Hashd Al Shaabi), and its integration into the official Iraqi armed forces. The disputed territories in northern Iraq between the KRG and federal government remain a key issue.?

Iraq hosts more than 244,00 Syrian refugees. 99% reside in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), with about one-third living in camps and the rest in urban, rural and peri-urban areas.?

The humanitarian crisis is compounded by reoccurring, countrywide natural disasters, such as floods and droughts.

INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.2/10. Hazard and exposure, as well as lack of coping capacity, are of particular concern, at 8.6/10 and 7/10 rates. ?

Latest Developments

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. Find more information related to the outbreak.

Key Figures

Total population
People in Need
IDP Returnees
Syrian Refugees
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.9

Impact: 4.4

Humanitarian Conditions: 3.7

Complexity: 3.8

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2020 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Facilitate and coordinate the provision of multi-sectoral interventions, data collection and conduct site risk reduction activities to ensure safe and dignified environment for 250,000 in-camp IDPs.
  2. Facilitate and coordinate the provision of multi-sectoral interventions, data collection and conduct site risk reduction activities to ensure safe and dignified environment for 127,938 IDPs living in informal settlements.
  3. Promote community participation of 250,000 in-camp IDPs and local actors to ensure local ownership of CCCM activities and transition towards self- reliance.
  4. Strengthen household and communal coping mechanisms of 127,938 IDPs living in informal settlements.
  5. Facilitate, coordinate and collect data for the provision of multisectoral interven- tions to improve self-reliance of 161,946 returnees and secondarily displaced people out of camps.

Projects (2019)


Title Uploaded
CCCM Cluster Iraq - Terms of Reference 01 Jun 2015
HDX datasets

26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: