The people of Iraq have endured subsequent crises over the past two decades, including the US-led invasion In 2003, incidents of sectarian violence until 2011, and most recently the occupation by Islamic State (IS) from 2014-2017. The current situation is characterised by significant internal displacement and severe economic and social decline. Around 1.5 million people are internally displaced, many considered in or at risk of protracted displacement. Over 4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Around 1.8 million are in acute need, of whom almost half are in Ninewa and Al-Anbar governorates.?
Iraqis lack basic services, including electricity and water, and lack job opportunities. Water shortages in the southern provinces in 2018, sparked protests that became widespread by October 2019 as people in Baghdad and Basra protested the lack of basic services, lack of jobs, and corruption. Despite the COVID-19 outbreak and the subsequent containment measures, protests over lack of public services continue across Iraq.?
Insecurity is widespread and tensions recur between the different sects, and between the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Federal government. Tensions rose between the federal government and the Sunni and the Kurdish populations with the formation of the largely Shia militia the Popular Mobilization Forces (Hashd Al Shaabi), and its integration into the official Iraqi armed forces. The disputed territories in northern Iraq between the KRG and federal government remain a key issue.?
Iraq hosts more than 244,00 Syrian refugees. 99% reside in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KR-I), with about one-third living in camps and the rest in urban, rural and peri-urban areas.?
The humanitarian crisis is compounded by reoccurring, countrywide natural disasters, such as floods and droughts.
INFORM measures Iraq’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.2/10. Hazard and exposure, as well as lack of coping capacity, are of particular concern, at 8.6/10 and 7/10 rates. ?
For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.
Crisis Severity: 3.9
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.7
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2020 HPC
- Facilitate and coordinate the provision of multi-sectoral interventions, data collection and conduct site risk reduction activities to ensure safe and dignified environment for 250,000 in-camp IDPs.
- Facilitate and coordinate the provision of multi-sectoral interventions, data collection and conduct site risk reduction activities to ensure safe and dignified environment for 127,938 IDPs living in informal settlements.
- Promote community participation of 250,000 in-camp IDPs and local actors to ensure local ownership of CCCM activities and transition towards self- reliance.
- Strengthen household and communal coping mechanisms of 127,938 IDPs living in informal settlements.
- Facilitate, coordinate and collect data for the provision of multisectoral interven- tions to improve self-reliance of 161,946 returnees and secondarily displaced people out of camps.
- Improve protection and service delivery for conflict-affected population through CCCM
- Camp coordination and camp management of IDP Camps in Iraq
- Provision of in and out of camp CCCM services to conflict affected populations in Iraq
- IM support for the CCCM Cluster and Partners (REACH Initiative)
- Camp Coordination and Camp Management for the Basateen Al Sheoukh IDP Camp and the establishment of a CRC
- Support for returnees and IDPs in Salah Al Din and Ninewa governorates to access services through community structures and coordination mechanisms
- Displacement Management in Formal and Informal Settlements in Iraq and Support to National Actors for Preparedness and Response
- Critical camp management and coordination for highly vulnerable populations in camps and areas of return in Anbar, Ninewa and Salah al-Din
26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2020-08/31/2020
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2020-08/31/2020
- Iraq - Settlements (villages, towns, cities) - IOM's placename database - 07/22/2014
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2003
- Iraq IDP Camp Profiling Data, round VI (Aug-Sept 2016) - REACH & CCCM Cluster - 08/17/2016-09/19/2016
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - 05/01/2016-10/31/2016
- Iraq - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Iraq Central Statistics Office - 06/05/2019
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - 11/25/2014
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - 11/24/2014