Four years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the country continues to face multiple challenges. At least 7.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as at 2022. Increased territorial control by armed groups – particularly in isolated rural areas – has escalated the conflict and added to the existing needs. This escalation has manifested in the increased killing of social leaders, massacres, confinements and forced displacements, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Cauca, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Chocó, Nariño, Putumayo, and Guaviare. ?

Since 2020, there has been a fragmentation of armed groups and organised crime groups seeking greater territorial control of strategic areas to conduct drug trafficking. The increased violence – especially in rural areas – has created significant protection concerns. Between January–April 2022, violence related to 56 mass displacement events left 79,000 people displaced. These figures represent a 300% increase in the total number of people displaced compared to the first quarter of 2021. Confinements and mobility restrictions imposed on communities by armed groups, threats of attacks and/or threats to the population, and armed curfews occur in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. These restrictions limit safe access to education and health assistance and hamper water collection and livelihood activities for communities in the affected areas. The departments most affected by the conflict are predominately populated by Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities. These departments continue to be disproportionally affected by insecurity. Social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks from armed groups and organised crime groups. ?

As at 2022, there are 1.8 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia. The arrival and transit of millions of people have had a considerable effect on services and resources. The Colombian health and education systems have insufficient capacity to respond to the incoming influx of people. ?


Latest Developments

La Niña phenomenon affecting weather patterns has caused heavy rains and landslides in Cauca department since the beginning of January 2023. Landslides on 9 January damaged and destroyed homes, leaving 700 people displaced in temporary shelters. The collapse of bridges and roads, including the Pan-American Highway – the main road in southwestern Colombia – has cut off access to Cauca, affecting an additional 4,500 people. Road blockades by the landslides and the presence of non-state armed groups limit the entry of food, fuel, and other essential goods in the affected area, restricting the humanitarian response. The affected population are in need of food, clean water, NFIs, medical care, access to education, and hygiene kits. La Niña phenomenon is expected to last until April, likely contributing to new natural hazards having an impact on people’s living conditions and needs. ?

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4

Impact: 4.3

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.4

Complexity: 3.2

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required




  1. To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.        
  2. To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod        
  3. Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.    


Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

32 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: