Three years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombia continues to face multiple challenges. In 2020, at least 5.1 million people are estimated to need humanitarian assistance. The escalation of conflict, particularly in isolated rural areas, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants are some of the factors that add to existing needs. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Choco, Nariño, Putumayo, Guaviare.?
There has been a fragmentation of armed groups and drug cartels seeking greater territorial control in strategic areas. The increased violence, especially in rural areas, creates significant protection concerns. In 2019, some 35,300 people were internally displaced, more than 27,600 people suffered severe movement restrictions, and the use of anti-personnel mines increased. Confinement, threats, or armed curfews cause problems in safe access to education, health, and water collection activities for entire communities. These events are now taking place in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities continue to be disproportionally affected by the conflict, and social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks.?
In addition, in 2019 there were 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia, another 500,000 people transited through the country, and 500,000 Colombians returned from Venezuela. The impact of the arrival and transit of millions of people has been considerable on services and resources. ?
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2020 as High at 5.4/10. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.9/10 and 6.1/10. ?
In Colombia, food insecurity is becoming a critical priority in the current emergency response, due to COVID-19. The World Food Programme estimates more than 950,000 people in need of food assistance. Departments prioritised for immediate attention are Antioquia, Córdoba, Caquetá, Chocó, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Cauca, and Valle del Cauca. Government measures to avoid the spread of COVID-19 have led to a decrease in income, and higher degree of economic vulnerability, particularly affecting informal workers and low-income families in urban and rural areas. Households that have seen their livelihoods affected face limitations in accessing food. The number of children under five years of age with acute malnutrition will likely increase in the coming months. ?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak in Colombia, see content below.
Crisis Severity: 3.3
Humanitarian Conditions: 3
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
- To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod
- Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
|Reunión ELC Nariño con Gran Familia Awá binacional||28 May 2020|
|Equipo Humanitario de País||28 May 2020|
|Reunión Plenaria junio ELC Arauca||28 May 2020|
|Reunión Equipo Local de Corrdinación Caquetá||26 May 2020|
|Reunión GTMI Mayo 27 de 2020||26 May 2020|
26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 01/01/2020-02/29/2020
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 01/01/2020-02/29/2020
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2003
- Iraq IDP Camp Profiling Data, round VI (Aug-Sept 2016) - REACH & CCCM Cluster - 08/17/2016-09/19/2016
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - 05/01/2016-10/31/2016
- Iraq administrative level 0-3 boundaries - Iraq Central Statistics Office - 06/05/2019
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - 11/25/2014
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - 11/24/2014
- Iraq - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) 14 Sept 2014 - IOM Iraq - 09/14/2014