Armed conflict between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) and the Colombian government lasted five decades and displaced more than 7 million people. A peace deal signed in November 2016 ended the conflict and the FARC started a Demobilisation, Disarmament and Reintegration (DDR) process, while other armed groups such as the Ejército Popular de Liberación (EPL) and Ejército de Liberación Nacional (ELN) reshuffled and are fighting for control of land and illicit crop production in areas vacated by the FARC. ? Forced displacement and landmine contamination are major humanitarian concerns. Internal displacement is under-registered, due to threats by armed groups against displaced people and officials involved in the registration of IDPs. The departments most affected by displacement are Chocó, Nariño, Valle del Cauca, and Cauca on the Pacific coast, Norte de Santander on the border with Venezuela, and Antioquia. In rural communities, armed group activity restricts movement and limits access to basic health services, crops, and labour markets. Afro-Colombians, indigenous and rural communities are disproportionally affected. ? Attacks against human rights activists and community leaders by armed groups increased in 2018 and 2019. ? Colombia also experiences frequent natural disasters. The rainy season (May-November) typically results in flooding in many regions, putting thousands of people in need of shelter and NFIs. The Caribbean coast and the Andean regions are usually the most affected by floods and landslides.
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 as High at 5.5/10, a slight increase from 5.4/10 in 2018. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.8/10 and 6.2/10. ?
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
Crisis Severity: 3.5
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.5
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
- To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod
- Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
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26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - 05/01/2016-10/31/2016
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2019-08/31/2019
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2019-08/31/2019
- Iraq administrative level 0-3 boundaries - Iraq Central Statistics Office - 06/05/2019
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - 11/24/2014
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(Jun to July 2014) - IOM Iraq - 07/02/2014
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - 11/25/2014
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2003
- Iraq - Water Courses(Rivers and Streams) - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2004