Four years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the country continues to face multiple challenges. At least 6.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as at 2021. Increased territorial control by armed groups – particularly in isolated rural areas – has escalated the conflict and added to the existing needs. This escalation has manifested in the increased killing of social leaders, massacres, confinements and forced displacements, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Cauca, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Chocó, Nariño, Putumayo, and Guaviare. ?

Since 2020, there has been a fragmentation of armed groups and organised crime groups seeking greater territorial control of strategic areas to conduct drug trafficking. The increased violence – especially in rural areas – has created significant protection concerns. Between January 1–March 31 2021, violence related to 65 mass displacement events left 27,435 people displaced. These figures represent a 96% increase in mass displacement events and a 177% increase in the total number of people displaced compared to the first quarter of 2020. Confinements and mobility restrictions imposed on communities by armed groups, threats of attacks and/or threats to the population, and armed curfews occur in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. These restrictions limit safe access to education and health assistance and hamper water collection and livelihood activities for communities in the affected areas. The departments most affected by the conflict are predominately populated by Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities. These departments continue to be disproportionally affected by insecurity. Social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks from armed groups and organised crime groups. ?

As at 2021, there are 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia. By the end of the year, an estimated two million Venezuelans will reside in Colombia, and 980,00 Colombians are expected to return from Venezuela. The arrival and transit of millions of people have had a considerable effect on services and resources. The Colombian health and education systems have insufficient capacity to respond to the incoming influx of people.?


Latest Developments

21/10/2021: The second rainy season, from 15 September, has left at least 15,000 people affected, mainly in the departments of Cundinamarca, Antioquia, Casanare, and Chocó. To date, there have been 140 events in 111 municipalities, leaving some 4.059 houses damaged, 65 destroyed and two dead. Landslides, floods, and crop failures in some regions have put food security at risk due to inaccessibility and unavailability of food. ?

08/10/2021: The overflowing of Saija river in early September and new heavy rains since 29 September in Timbiquí municipality, Cauca department, have affected more than 3,500 people. Most urgent needs are food and livelihood assistance, as the loss of crops has reduced the accessibility and availability of food for consumption and as source of income. National response capacity is limited. ?

22/09/2021: Clashes between armed groups in Chocó department have escalated since 15 August and left 5,943 people displaced, 27,000 confined, and 15 ex-combatants killed. The most affected municipalities are Bagadó, Bahía Solano, Bojayá, and Medio San Juan. National response capacity to provide shelter, NFIs, and food is limited.?

08/09/2021: A dam functioning as a retaining wall of the Cauca River overflowed on 27 August, following atypically heavy rainfall during the month in La Mojana, a northern region encompassing parts of Bolivar, Sucre, Antioquia, and Cordoba departments. Flooding impacted all municipalities in the region, with Achí, San Jacinto del Cauca (both in Bolivar), and Guaranda (Sucre) most affected. At 6 September, around 50,000 people are known to have been affected in Sucre and Cordoba. An undetermined number of people in La Mojana had to move to higher areas because their homes were damaged, and an estimated 300,000 cattle need to be relocated. Livestock losses are expected and at least 7,000 hectares of crops (rice, banana, corn, yams) are flooded, with losses likely to affect the agriculture-dependent livelihoods of many of the region’s inhabitants. Shelter, non-food items and healthcare needs are reported. At least 500,000 people living in La Mojana are at risk of  future flooding. ?


Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.5

Impact: 4

Humanitarian Conditions: 5

Complexity: 3.8

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required




  1. To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.        
  2. To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod        
  3. Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.    


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HDX datasets

30 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: