Three years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombia continues to face multiple challenges. In 2020, at least 5.1 million people are estimated to need humanitarian assistance. The escalation of conflict, particularly in isolated rural areas, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants are some of the factors that add to existing needs. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Choco, Nariño, Putumayo, Guaviare.?
There has been a fragmentation of armed groups and drug cartels seeking greater territorial control in strategic areas. The increased violence, especially in rural areas, creates significant protection concerns. In 2019, some 35,300 people were internally displaced, more than 27,600 people suffered severe movement restrictions, and the use of anti-personnel mines increased. Confinement, threats, or armed curfews cause problems in safe access to education, health, and water collection activities for entire communities. These events are now taking place in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities continue to be disproportionally affected by the conflict, and social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks.?
In addition, in 2019 there were 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia, another 500,000 people transited through the country, and 500,000 Colombians returned from Venezuela. The impact of the arrival and transit of millions of people has been considerable on services and resources. ?
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2020 as High at 5.4/10. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.9/10 and 6.1/10. ?
On 19 September, Colombia experienced two massacres that left at least 10 dead in the departments of Cauca and Nariño. 246 people have been killed in 61 massacres since beginning of 2020; the highest number since 2014. Antioquía, Cauca and Nariño (on the Pacific corridor) are some of the areas with the highest presence of armed groups fighting over the control of the territory. This is contributing to increased insecurity and high levels of violence across the country, resulting in deaths, forced displacement, confinement, and protection concerns related to presence of anti-personnel mines. Humanitarian needs of the affected population currently exceed the institutional response capacities. Violence has also hampered humanitarian access to affected areas, leading to delays on the registration of the victims and provision of protection assistance.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak in Colombia, see content below.
Crisis Severity: 4.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
- To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod
- Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
|Respuesta humanitaria a emergencias masivas (enero a septiembre)||21 Oct 2020|
|COLOMBIA - Respuesta del consorcio MIRE a las emergencias…||20 Oct 2020|
|COLOMBIA - Evaluación de necesidades - Choco / Bojaya - 23…||20 Oct 2020|
|COLOMBIA - Evaluación de necesidades - Nariño / Policarpa…||20 Oct 2020|
|COLOMBIA - Evaluación de necesidades - Guaviare / San Jose del…||20 Oct 2020|
26 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2020-08/31/2020
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 07/01/2020-08/31/2020
- Iraq - Settlements (villages, towns, cities) - IOM's placename database - 07/22/2014
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2019
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - 01/01/2003
- Iraq IDP Camp Profiling Data, round VI (Aug-Sept 2016) - REACH & CCCM Cluster - 08/17/2016-09/19/2016
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - 05/01/2016-10/31/2016
- Iraq - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Iraq Central Statistics Office - 06/05/2019
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - 11/25/2014
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - 11/24/2014