Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
IDPs and host families in the Lac region are predicted to experience Crisis (IPC Phase 3) levels of food insecurity until September, as violence and displacement affect access to markets and fishing activities. Food insecurity will affect 5.1 million people across the country during the lean season, including over 1.7 million severely food insecure due to the decrease in agricultural production and the weakness of water resources in the region. The nutritional situation remains worrying in the whole country, with an alarming state in 15 of the 23 provinces. For children under 5, global acute malnutrition (GAM) has reached the 10% alert threshold for nearly 1.9 million children.? 2 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Only 61% of the population have access to water and 33.5% of the population is able to access clean drinking water. Basic sanitation coverage is as low as 12% and only 37.7% of the population have access to a hand washing facility with soap and water. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.? 
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. This is largely due to poor access to basic social services and increasing numbers of disease outbreaks. In addition to COVID-19, Chad is also facing a measles outbreak.?


Latest Developments

30/07/2021: On 21 July, around 102 people fled Layrom and Tchougoudi villages to the Yakoua IDP site in Bol subprefecture (Lac province) following intercommunal violence. The clashes were caused by a land dispute. IDPs are in need of NFIs, food, and shelter.?

28/07/2021:  Between 18–19 July, around 206 people fled the Kilikara IDP site to Kaiga-Kindjiria centre village and to the Diamerom IDP site (Fouli department, Lac province) following an attack by a non-state armed group on 16 July. Shelter, food, and NFIs are their priority needs.?

16/07/2021: On 7 July, around 850 people were affected by flooding in Wadi-Doum, Ennedi-Ouest province. At least 120 houses were damaged or completely destroyed. All the crops in stock were lost and small shops in the village destroyed. Affected people are spread between makeshift shelters and public buildings. They need food, shelter, and NFI assistance.?

14/07/2021: On 26 June, heavy rains in Tandjilé prefecture (southern Chad) caused the death of five people and injured 231. More than 4,400 houses were destroyed, and over 30 schools and other public infrastructure were severely damaged or destroyed. At least 560 animals went missing. Bologo and Dafra subprefectures (western Tandjilé) are the most affected areas. Around 20,000 people are  in need of shelter, food, and health assistance. The affected areas have been inaccessible for some time, but some humanitarian organisations were recently able to deploy teams and run an impact assessment. The situation could deteriorate as a result of more heavy rain forecast in southern Chad, including over the already affected areas.?

14/07/2021: Between 28 June and 4 July, about 460 people from Layrom village and the neighbouring villages of Bolorom, Kemi, and Kolorom  (in Bol subprefecture) fled to IDP sites in Melea 1 (Bol subprefecture) and Ngourtou Koumboua (Baga Sola subprefecture) following intercommunal violence. Shelter, food, and NFIs are their most urgent needs.?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.1

Impact: 3.9

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.35

Complexity: 3.7

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2021 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Improve the living conditions and physical protection of IDPs and returnees through effective coordination of shelter actors.
  2. Improve the living conditions of IDPs and returnees through the distribution of emergency shelters and the construction of transitional/semi-durable/sustainable shelters or through the rental system in a nexus vision.
  3. Contribute to meeting the basic needs of IDP and returnee households through the distribution of essential household items in kind or in cash.
  4. Contribute to the resilience and self-reliance of IDPs, returnees and host communities including people living with disabilities through paid shelter work.

HDX datasets

14 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: