Security threats around Lake Chad, most notably from Boko Haram (BH), and military operations to contain them have displaced civilians from their homes and disrupted livelihoods. Insecurity has also pushed Nigerian refugees into Chad since 2014, creating a complex displacement crisis across the islands and shores of Lake Chad. Large and protracted refugee populations, mainly from Sudan and CAR, in the south and east of the country also face significant humanitarian needs.?
Increased clashes between government forces and Boko Haram, along with COVID-19 restrictions have resulted in limited access to markets and a depletion of food stocks for IDPs and their hosts in Lac region.  Border closures have also disrupted markets in Tibesti region. Affected populations in those regions will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity through September 2020.? 1.8 million people are in need of WASH support across the country. Lack of drinking water, hygiene and sanitation infrastructure lead to the deaths of around 19,000 people each year.?
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an 87% increase in the amount of people in need of health assistance in Chad, from 950,000 in January 2020 to nearly 1.8 million in May 2020. In addition to COVID-19, a measles outbreak is affecting 67% of the country’s health districts.?


Latest Developments

Some 1.8 million people are affected by health emergencies in Chad. 1,171 confirmed COVID-19 cases have been reported as of 23 September, with a fatality rate of 7%, one of the highest in the world. Chad is also facing a chikungunya outbreak in Sila, Ouaddai, and Wadi Fira regions, where 30,220 cases and one related death were reported between 26 August and 24 September. There is a lack of free medication because the number of cases is higher than initial estimates. Humanitarian response to the measles epidemic, which reached 8,520 suspected cases in 2020 as of 13 September, has been hampered by COVID-19 mitigation measures. Around 571,000 malaria cases were confirmed between 1 January and 13 September. The actual number of malaria cases is expected to be higher than reported as some patients are unable to pay for tests and some areas are faced with test shortages.?

15/09/2020: Flooding caused by heavy seasonal rainfall has affected around 190,000 people in the country's central, eastern and southern regions, Lac province, and N'Djamena. Main reported needs are food, shelter, WASH, NFIs, and protection. Lack of access to health services due to flooding led to the death of four children at the Kouchaguine-Moura refugee camp (Ouaddai). ?

ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.1

Impact: 4

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.4

Complexity: 3.8

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2020 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Contribuer à l'amélioration des conditions de vie des populations par la coordination des activités des partenaires CCCM en faveur des personnes déplacées, retournées et ressortissants des pays tiers.
  2. Améliorer la coordination et la gestion des sites d’accueil des personnes déplacées internes, les retournés et les ressortissants des pays tiers au Tchad avec inclusion des personnes vivant avec handicap et la considération environnementale.
  3. Assurer le suivi de mouvements des populations à travers un système cohérent et fonctionnel dans les sites de déplacement gérés par l’acteur CCCM.
  4. Contribuer à l’acquisition des terres cultivables et des nouveaux sites d'installation aux personnes déplacées internes, retournés vivant dans les sites couverts par le CCCM leur permettant l’auto-prise en charge de façon progressive.

Projects (2019)


Title Uploaded
CCCM Cluster Chad - Terms of Reference 01 Jul 2014
HDX datasets

11 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: