Cameroon has been experiencing an interplay of protracted crisis situations which continues to define political, economic and social developments in the country. Longstanding grievances in the anglophone community in Northwest and Southwest regions due to marginalisation of the minority English-speaking regions by the francophone-dominated government escalated into widespread protests and strikes in late 2016.?This has resulted in the emergence of different separatist groups clamouring for the creation of a self-proclaimed Ambazonian Republic in the northwest and southwest. Clashes between the military and the separatist forces has intensified insecurity in the regions, leaving over 650,000 people internally displaced and about 60,000 people seeking refuge in Neighbouring Nigeria.?
Boko Haram's insurgency in Nigeria's northeast has also spilled over into Cameroon's Far North region, mainly due to the proximity and porosity of borders between the two countries. After Nigeria, Cameroon is the second most-affected country by the violence and insecurity linked to BH in Lake Chad basin.?The number of Nigerian refugees fleeing to Cameroon's far north has surpassed the 100,000 mark, while violence by Boko Haram has also internally displaced more than 290,000 people in the same area.?
Apart from the above, Cameroon is also host to over 290,000 refugees from CAR mainly due to conflict.? The CAR refugees are predominately located in the Est and Adamaoua regions.
26/01/2021: Nearly 5,000 people have recently arrived in Garouda-Boulaï (East region) from CAR due to violence related to the elections held on 27 December. They need shelter, WASH, and health assistance. Cameroon was already hosting over 300,000 refugees from CAR, mostly in the East, Adamawa, and North regions, where natural resources and essential services are limited.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak in Cameroon, see our special report below.
Crisis Severity: 3.7
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.4
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
6 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Cameroon Displacement - [IDPs, Returnees, Refugees] - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2020-06-10T00:00:00 TO 2020-06-10T23:59:59]
- Cameroon - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Institut National de Cartographie (INC) provided by OSM - [2018-12-17T00:00:00 TO 2018-12-17T23:59:59]
- Sahel - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Refer to individual COD-AB datasets (linked below) - [2020-09-11T00:00:00 TO 2020-09-11T23:59:59]
- Cameroon - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2008-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-31T23:59:59]
- Cameroon - Digital Elevation Model - World Food Programme - [2004-04-23T00:00:00 TO 2004-04-23T23:59:59]
- Lake Chad Basin Crisis Displaced Persons - IOM, UNHCR, UNOCHA - [2016-03-23T00:00:00 TO 2016-03-23T23:59:59]