Burundi has been in crisis since April 2015, following President Nkurunziza’s announcement to run for a third term. The economy has declined significantly due to political instability, insecurity, and suspension of foreign aid, which accounted for 48% of the national income in 2015.?Despite a decrease in overt violence since 2016, violations such as disappearances and torture by the police, military, and the ruling party’s youth league, Imbonerakure, have continued. ?Although the president rescinded his decision to run in the 2020 elections, political persecution has continued. Cases of arbitrary detention and violations of public freedom were reported leading up to the May 2020 election.?Evariste Ndayishimiye, a member of the ruling party, won the presidency and was instated in June, following the death of President Nkurunziza. ?

Insecurity and political persecution have led to displacement, with over 280,500 Burundian refugees living in Tanzania, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Uganda, as of June 2021. ?Over 158,300 Burundians were assisted to return between September 2017 and May 2021, mostly from Tanzania. Returnees, who are mostly subsistence farmers, are generally well received (81% of returnees’ households have access to land, 95% have access to water, and 80% access to healthcare), but have limited access to housing and education. Only 49% of returnee children attend school. ?

The economic crisis, widespread poverty, and climate factors are the main factors leading to food insecurity, heighted in recent years by continuous dry spells, absence of adequate rains, and endemic drought. The protracted complex crisis has left 2.3 million people in need. ?

Latest Developments

No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.9

Impact: 3.9

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 3.6

Access Constraints: 2

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
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HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: