Mozambique is exposed to extreme climatic conditions and hazards such as cyclones, storms, and flash floods. In addition, the southern region suffers from drought. The recurrence of these events has had detrimental effects on food security and nutrition nationwide. The country is also battling domestic insurgency in its northern province of Cabo Delgado, which is rich in liquified gas.?
In 2019, Mozambique was hit by two tropical cyclones, Cyclone Idai and Cyclone Kenneth, in the same season for the first time in recorded history. This resulted in widespread destruction and affected some 2 million people. As of March 2020, humanitarian assistance is provided to approximately 99,000 people across 73 resettlement sites in the provinces affected by the two cyclones.?
Cabo Delgado province has been affected by a suspected Islamist insurgency since October 2017, with violent attacks displacing up to 530,000 people, many of whom have been forced to move multiple times. Counter-attacks by the Government have led to human rights abuses. The existence of liquified gas in the area makes it a hub for exploration companies and foreign nationals, increasing security concerns in the region.?
Crisis Severity: 3.6
Humanitarian Conditions: 3.5
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC