About 8.4 million people in Ethiopia need humanitarian assistance, due to internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards. As a secondary effect of the intercommunal violence in 2019, it is estimated that there is an IDP population of 2 million people primarily located in the Amhara, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz woreda’s. Ethiopia also hosts more than 760,000 refugees from South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea. Most of them live in camp settings.?

Recurrent natural hazards, drought, and flooding result in humanitarian needs. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nationally, 8.5 million people require emergency food assistance in June 2020. The states with IPC 3 or higher are Afar, Oromiya, Somali and Tigray.?

INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Meanwhile, the lack of coping capacity stands at 6.8/10 and vulnerability at 6.6/10.?

Latest Developments

07/01/2021: Intercommunal violence has risen in Metekel Zone, Benishangul-Gumuz region since mid-2020. Between end of July 2020 and 4 January 2021, over 101,000 people were displaced by violence from Bullen, Dangur, Dibate, Guba, Mandura and Wombera woredas of Metekel. Since September 2020, almost 350 people have been killed due to the violence, including 207 civilians killed by unidentified armed groups on 23 DecemberThe majority of IDPs displaced to neighbouring towns, while some fled to Amhara Region. The IDPs are in inadequate makeshift shelters including schools and meeting halls. Needs of those affected by the violence are health and protection (including SGBV services), shelter/NFIs, WASH, and food. The overall insecurity in Metekel zone has made humanitarian access challenging, with staff and goods unable to reach the affected people. The regional government has provided limited life-saving assistance since July 2020, including food and NFIs, using armed escorts.?

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.1

Impact: 4

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.45

Complexity: 3.7

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
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HDX datasets

14 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: