About eight million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance, largely as a consequence of internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards.? Intercommunal violence escalated dramatically in several regions throughout 2018, resulting in more than 1.3 million new displacements and increasing Ethiopia’s total IDP population to 2.4 million.? Ethiopia also hosts more than 900,000 refugees.? Over 99% of the refugees come from four neighbouring countries: South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea, and most currently reside in camp settings.?
Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia are significantly impacted by recurrent natural hazards, in particular drought and flooding. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nearly all of Somali regional state, one of the regions most affected by food insecurity, is in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) and IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).? Nationwide, approximately 7.88 million people continue to require emergency food assistance.?
INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern at 7.7/10.?
Humanitarian access in Gambella region has declined significantly in recent weeks as a result of ongoing violence and insecurity. Most humanitarian agencies in Gambella suspended their operations after two INGO staff were killed by armed men on 6 September. The attackers were allegedly wearing police uniforms, though their identity and motives have not yet been confirmed. Tit-for-tat violence between the Anuak and Nuer ethnic communities has also increased, with 36 incidents reported in July alone. Some of the recent violence has involved the region’s South Sudanese refugee population. Gambella currently hosts more than 300,000 South Sudanese refugees, who represent nearly half of the region's total population.?
Crisis Severity: 3.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 3
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
11 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 10/01/2019
- Ethiopia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- Ethiopia DTM Baseline and Site Assessment round 5 - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 05/01/2017-06/30/2017
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 05/01/2019-06/30/2019
- Ethiopia administrative level 0-3 boundaries - CSA (Central Statistics Agency) + Regional Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BoFED) - 09/04/2019
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - East West - Wellega - RRA [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 04/01/2019-04/10/2019
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - Geodeo and West-Guji - RRA [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 03/11/2019-03/17/2019
- Ethiopia - Elevation Model - CGIAR - Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI) - 01/01/2004
- Ethiopia - Cities, towns and villages - Multiple sources - 03/02/2016
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 07/31/2018