About eight million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance, largely as a consequence of internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards.? Intercommunal violence escalated dramatically in several regions throughout 2018, resulting in more than 1.3 million new displacements and increasing Ethiopia’s total IDP population to 2.4 million.? Ethiopia also hosts more than 900,000 refugees.? Over 99% of the refugees come from four neighbouring countries: South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea, and most currently reside in camp settings.?

Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia are significantly impacted by recurrent natural hazards, in particular drought and flooding. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nearly all of Somali regional state, one of the regions most affected by food insecurity, is in IPC Phase 2 (Stressed) and IPC Phase 3 (Crisis).? Nationwide, approximately 7.88 million people continue to require emergency food assistance.?

INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern at 7.7/10.?

Latest Developments

Swarms of desert locusts reached Ethiopia from Yemen in June 2019. Since then swarms have been reported in the city of Dire Dawa and the states of Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, Afar, and Somali with pastures and crops affected. Some farmers in Amhara have reported losing almost the totality of their produce. The infestation is not yet under control in several areas. Countrywide insecurity also hinders response efforts. Governmental figures on crop loss will be published in the upcoming weeks and allow for an estimate of the impact of the pest on food security and the livelihood of farmers and pastoralist communities. Prolonged rainfalls are expected to facilitate the hatching of locusts, especially in the Somali region. There is a risk of the pest potentially spreading to neighbouring Kenya, Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan, considering the migratory nature of the swarms and their capacity to cover long distances.?


Due to heavy and prolonged rains throughout October, Ethiopia has witnessed repeated episodes of flooding in its Afar, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions. OCHA estimates put the number of displaced Ethiopians at 202,202. Somali has been the most affected region with 127,524 of its inhabitants displaced. The number of people affected by floods since July 2019 has now reached 570,000. Between 1 October and 4 November 22 people were killed in floods and flood-related events countrywide. The National Meteorology Agency (NMA) has warned that new flash floods might occur as above average rainfall is forecasted for South and South-Western Ethiopia. Properties have been damaged, including latrines, schools and health facilities. Livelihoods were also affected due to the loss of 6,000 units of livestock and the flooding of 11,000 ha of cultivated land nationwide. Subsequently less food will be available for local communities.  The most urgent needs are related to food, shelter/NFI, health, nutrition and WaSH. With bridges collapsing and roads flooded, humanitarian access to the affected areas is severely hindered.?

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Severe humanitarian conditions - Level 4
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.3

Impact: 3.7

Humanitarian Conditions: 3

Complexity: 3.4

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
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HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: