ACAPS OVERVIEW

Overview

The decade long conflict between the government and the Houthi movement escalated in 2015. The crisis has exacerbated historic vulnerabilities including chronic poverty, weak governance, corruption, over-dependence on imports, dwindling oil revenues, and water scarcity.? After President Hadi fled the capital Sana’a to the southern port city of Aden, an international coalition led by Saudi Arabia and the UAE began bombing Houthi-controlled areas. At least 24.1 million people in Yemen need humanitarian assistance.? In January 2019, some 64,000 people were in Catastrophe (IPC-5) levels of food insecurity, nearly 5 million people in Emergency (IPC-4) and 10.9 million in Crisis (IPC-3).?

Approximately 19.7 million people lack adequate healthcare, of whom 14 million are in acute need of assistance.? Around 300,000 suspected cholera cases and 578 deaths (CFR 0.19%) have been reported since the start of 2019.? From January to June 2019, there were 517,020 suspected cases and 755 deaths (CFR 0.15%) from cholera, which is already more suspected cases and deaths than what was recorded for the whole of 2018.? All governorates are affected, with 2,500 suspected cases reported daily. 17.8 million people lack access to WASH services, exacerbating the situation.? Fighting and bureaucracy restrict access to affected areas and the rainy season (April to August) will likely accelerate the spread of the disease. In Yemen, both rainy and dry conditions aggravate the spread of disease.

Widespread violations of international humanitarian law, including the targeting of civilians and civilian infrastructure by airstrikes and shelling, have resulted in loss of life, displacement, and destruction of infrastructure.? From the beginning of 2018 to the end of June 2019, approximately 6,850 civilian causalities and 2,650 civilian deaths have been recorded as a direct result of the fighting.? A UN-brokered ceasefire in December 2018 reduced violence in Al Hudaydah, however, fighting has continued on numerous active frontlines across the country. In 2019 an additional 300,000 people have been displaced bringing the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) to an estimated 4 million people dispersed across all governorates. The majority having been displaced since March 2015.? Migrants and refugees, mostly from Ethiopia, continue to arrive in southern Yemen. April and May 2019 have seen some of the highest monthly averages of arrivals. IOM estimates that 18,320 refugees and migrants arrived in April 2019 and 18,904 people arrived in May 2019.? This is despite voluntary humanitarian return (VHR) flights coordinated by the Mixed Migration Working Group throughout May and June 2019 for migrants detained in informal detention centres with little to no services.

INFORM measures Yemen's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.8/10.?

Latest Developments

8/12: Tropical cyclone Pawan formed on 5 December in the southwest Arabian sea, around 430 km south-east of Socotra. Although the cyclone did not affect the island directly, Hadibo, the biggest city of Socotra, witnessed heavy rainfall and landslides in the following three days causing displacement and damages to main roads. Local authorities reported increased food and health needs, but no detailed information on the number of people affected was available as of 8 December. Sporadic rainfalls are forecasted within the next week. Socotra already experienced the indirect impact of two cyclones in the last month with no casualties or severe impact reported.?

Read ACAPS analysis on the impact of past cyclones.

25/11: Suspected cases of dengue fever spiked in Ta'iz governorate in November. Over 7,970 cases were reported in the governorate, out of which 3,215 were confirmed. Only last week 10 people died of dengue and the toll is expected to increase. Suspected cases of dengue fever across Yemen have doubled since September. From January to October 2019, a total of 25,242 suspected cases of dengue fever were reported in Yemen including 104 associated deaths (CFR 0.5%). Tai'z, Hajjah, and Al Hodiedah governorates reported the highest numbers of cases.?

Key Figures

Total population
30,066,000
People affected
30,066,000
People in Need
24,164,000
IDPs
3,650,000
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.5

Impact: 4.7

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 4.5

Access Constraints: 5

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Response Overview
 
   

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

     
6.7m
People
in need
   
4.5m
People targeted
   
-
People
reached
   
-
Partners
   
-
Projects
   
$-
Funding required
   

Objectives

  1. Provide safe, appropriate shelter and essential household items to displaced and highly vulnerable families
  2. Coordinate the delivery of a Minimum Service Package (MSP) in under-served emergency and IDP settlements
     
     

Documents
Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: