At least 220,000 civilians have died as a result of conflict since the civil war began in 2011.? An estimated 11.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. ?6.2 million are internally displaced and 6.8 million refugees have left the country, mostly to neighbouring Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan. ?

The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with health, shelter, and food needs most critical in areas where fighting continues including governorates in the northwest and northeast of the country. Protection interventions are required countrywide. Access for humanitarians remains extremely problematic, even in areas retaken by the Syrian Arab Army ?.

Since late 2015, the Syrian Arab army have been slowly regaining territory across the country. With only governorates in the northeast and northwest remaining outside government control, the war is widely seen as entering its final and possibly most violent stages. Turkish, Russian, Iranian, American, and Syrian troops are stationed inside Syria, as well as a range of non-state armed groups ranging from more moderate opposition groups to Salafist Jihadi groups.

Latest Developments

05/12: Dozens of civilians have been killed in a new wave of airstrikes and ground attacks in southern Idleb, northern Hama, eastern Lattakia and western Aleppo governorates. Indiscriminate attacks by regime and allied forces, including on markets, hospitals and IDP camps, have increased in the northwest of Syria since late October. The increase in violence comes after a period of relative calm since the announcement of a ceasefire on 31 August. Some 400,000 people have been displaced since 1 May as a result of the hostilities. Humanitarian conditions in the northwest are dire and are expected to worsen as winter approaches. Over 630,000 people are staying in IDP camps. Displaced families living in tents and makeshift shelters are facing severe protection and health concerns as temperatures are dropping. Multi-sectoral needs are reported. ?

22/11: Despite recent ceasefire agreements, sporadic clashes between Turkish-backed armed forces, the Syrian Arab Army (SAA), and Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) have continued in different locations across Hasakeh and Raqqa governorates in northeast Syria. Frontlines are highly fluid with both sides taking territory. Joint Russian-Turkish patrols started on 1 November indicating that the terms of the Sochi agreement of 22 October, that stipulated the removal of SDF troops from a planned buffer zone along the Turkish/Syrian border, continue to be implemented. ?

22/11: A military campaign launched by Turkey into the Kurdish-held territory in the northeast on 9 October, has had a severe impact on the civilian population in the area. Airstrikes and ground attacks have killed and injured hundreds of civilians. Despite a decrease in fighting since the implementation of a ceasefire, over 75,000 people remain displaced as of 19 November. The majority of the displaced are residing in host communities across Hasakeh, Raqqa and Aleppo governorates where towns are overwhelmed by the influx and services are overstretched.  Infrastructure has been severely damaged. Increased food prices, restricted food supply and a disrupted planting season as a result of the clashes are likely to further strain the already dire food security situation in the region. The people living in northeast Syria have experienced multiple displacements, surrounding cities where people are likely to flee are heavily contaminated with mines and lack basic services, and IDP camps in the area are already overstretched due to years of conflict. Humanitarian operations are severely hampered by fighting, disrupted supply chains of humanitarian goods, and shifts in territorial control. ?

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.8

Impact: 4.6

Humanitarian Conditions: 5

Complexity: 4.7

Access Constraints: 5

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2019 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required




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HDX datasets

21 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: