Since the Syrian civil war began in 2011, more than 226,000 civilians – including 29,000 children – have died as a result of the conflict.?6.5 million people are internally displaced in Syria, and 5.6 million are registered refugees in neighbouring countries. Turkey hosts the largest number of Syrian refugees, followed by Lebanon and Jordan. An estimated 11.1 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. The humanitarian needs in Syria are severe across all sectors, with significant health, education, WASH, shelter, protection, and food needs. Years of conflict have left healthcare centres, hospitals, schools, and water and sanitation systems damaged or destroyed.?

Syria faces an economic crisis, and the value of the Syrian pound has dropped to record lows. The economic downturn – which began when the conflict erupted – has accelerated since late 2019, leading to soaring prices of food, fuel, and other critical items. The cost of basic staples has increased by over 100% since late 2019.?Food prices are 20 times higher than their pre-conflict levels. Households are forced to adopt negative coping mechanisms, including child labour, early marriage, and cutting or reducing meals. As of 2020, an estimated 9.3 million people in Syria – more than half the current population, and the highest level ever recorded in the country – are food insecure, up from an estimated 7.9 million in 2019.?

Military operations in Northwest Syria in and around Idlib displaced nearly a million people between December 2019–February 2020. There are an estimated 2.8 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Northwest Syria. Over four million people reside in Northeast Syria, including thousands of internally displaced people and imprisoned members of Islamic State who are living in severely overcrowded conditions.?

Latest Developments

04/04/2021: Teachers' strike over unpaid work has been ongoing since early February in northwest Syria. About 35% of teachers in 320 schools in northwest Syria have not received a salary for over a year. 25% of schools are relying on unpaid teachers’ work in the area. Inability to pay teachers and the ongoing strike are likely to disrupt children's access to education ?.

24/03/2021: A surgical hospital in Al-Atareb in Aleppo was hit by artillery shelling on 21 March. Six civilians were killed and 17 injured, including 5 medical staff. The hospital went out of service. It was providing services for around 100,000 people in the area and provide medical care to about 3,820 patients per month ?.

21/03/2021: About half of the 4.4 million people in northwest Syria didn't meet their minimum daily bread needs in December 2020There is a significant gap in bread and bakery assistance in 25 sub-districts where less than half of the population met their bread needs. Half of those sub-districts have high numbers of IDPs ?.

10/03/2021: More than 60 teachers have been detained and 550 dismissed from their jobs in northeast Syria by Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) this year, as at 19 February 2021. Teachers are at risk of arrest, dismissal, or persecution if they refuse to follow the SDF's educational curricula, or reject military conscription ?.

For more information on the humanitarian impact of the COVID-19 outbreak, please see the relevant paragraph below.

Key Figures

Total population
People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.9

Impact: 4.8

Humanitarian Conditions: 5

Complexity: 4.8

Access Constraints: 5

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2020 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Providing streamlined life-saving humanitarian multi-sectoral assistance and strenthening basic infrastructure support in IDP sites.
  2. Improving the management quality in and accountability of IDP sites.
  3. Strengthening household and communal coping mechanisms in IDP sites and developing exit strategies.
  4. Disseminating operational information on movements of IDPs and returns on a timely basis.

Projects (2019)


HDX datasets

23 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: