Since December 2013, South Sudan has experienced intermittent civil war and intercommunal and localised violence. This environment has resulted in widespread insecurity, large-scale internal displacement, increased refugee outflow to Sudan and Uganda, and deteriorating food security. As at January 2021, 8.3 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance.?

The latest peace agreement in South Sudan – the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan – was signed in 2018. The agreement has led to a fragile truce and resulted in the formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity in February 2020. While hostility between the Government and the main opposition has decreased, localised violence has surged because of conflict over land and resources, cattle raiding, and reprisal attacks.?

The surge in intercommunal violence throughout South Sudan affected more civilians in 2020 than in 2019. There were 5,800 victims of killing, injury, abduction, and conflict-related sexual violence in 2020 – an increase from the 2,631 victims reported in 2019. In 2020, Jonglei state and the Greater Pibor Administrative Area were most affected by conflict, accounting for 33% of the total civilian victims. The compounded effects of intercommunal violence and floods in these areas affected 528,000 people and displaced at least 147,000 people as at the end of 2020.?

Since 2013, nearly four million people have been displaced, including 1.6 million IDPs and 2.2 million South Sudanese refugees. South Sudan hosts about 319,000 refugees from Sudan, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, and the Central African Republic.?

INFORM estimates South Sudan's humanitarian crisis and disaster risk for 2021 to be very high, at 8.4/10. The lack of coping capacity is estimated at 9.4/10, and vulnerability is estimated at 8.7/10. ?

Latest Developments

08/07/2021: On 8 July, fighting broke out between youth groups from Tonj North and Tonj East counties (Warrap state). The clashes took place in Marial Lou, Tonj North, because of cattle rustling. At least 14 people were killed and 29 injured in the hostilities, which lasted two days. Around 5,000 people were displaced as hundreds of homes were burnt down. Health centres, schools, and churches were vandalised. The Marial Lou hospital was looted and destroyed, and patients had to be transferred to the Ngap-Agok health centre. A WFP warehouse in the area was also looted. The warehouse stored various critical food items destined for highly food-insecure people in the area. Tonj North is one of six counties in South Sudan where people face severe food insecurity, with at least 26,000 people in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5). ?

Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
Fatalities reported
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.3

Impact: 4.7

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.45

Complexity: 3.6

Access Constraints: 2

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
Response Overview

Key Figures - 2021 HPC

in need
People targeted
Funding required


  1. Ensure a protective environment in camps and camp like settings for the displaced population and host.
  2. Ensures predictable and coordinated delivery of service, provision of information aimed at improving the quality of integrated services for the displaced populations in camps and camp like settings.
  3. Representation and Governance structures are established to promote the camp population’s participation in decision making and issues which affect their lives.
  4. Strengthen community coping mechanisms geared towards finding solutions.

HDX datasets

14 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: