The Philippines is among the world’s most disaster-prone countries, with typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions that often result in high rates of displacement. In the first half of 2020, 811,000 new displacements were recorded because of natural disasters.?
Most recently, Typhoon Goni – locally known as Rolly – made landfall on 1 November 2020 in the Bicol region before moving across the Luzon island group, making landfall a further three times. On 11 November 2020, Typhoon Vamco – locally known as Ulysses – made landfall in Quezon province in the Calabarzon region of the Luzon islands. Prior to this, three cyclones made landfall in October. The impact of the recent typhoons is expected to be long term, with 905,000 people in need and large-scale destruction or damage of 8,500 schools, 350 health facilities, and houses. Over 24,000 people remain displaced, of whom 20,000 are in evacuation centres.?
In October 2019, a series of earthquakes hit Mindanao island, resulting in protracted displacement. Tulunan municipality in North Cotabato province (Region XII) in central Mindanao was particularly affected. The earthquakes killed 23 people, affected over 355,000, and caused severe infrastructure damage. As at 18 December 2020, 78,758 people were still displaced (20,784 in evacuation centres and 59,974 with relatives or friends). ?
The Philippines also suffers from the effects of protracted armed conflict and clan violence in southern Mindanao. This has led to a complex humanitarian situation on Mindanao island, where more than 152,000 people are internally displaced because of active conflict, including 126,000 individuals who are still displaced from a siege on Marawi city in 2017. The establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in March 2019 had the potential to reduce tensions and conflict, but the situation remains largely unstable.?
INFORM measures the Philippines' risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10.?
Since 18 March, fighting and mortar shell exchanges between the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters has displaced over 66,000 people in Maguindanao province. People are displaced across ten municipalities sheltering in over 55 evacuation sites. The highest numbers of IDPs are reported in Datu Saudi Ampatuan (17,000 IDPs) and and Mamasapano (13,600). Food, shelter, water, hygiene kits, health and protection needs remain unmet. Registering IDPs and identifying gaps in humanitarian assistance remains a major challenge. Insecurity affects access to the displaced population and the closure of major roads limits the free movement of IDPs. Insecurity is preventing livelihood activities, with no clear indication of the long-term impact this may have on farming and fishing, the main livelihoods activities of people in the area. Prolonged fighting is expected given the scale of the operation by the AFP.?
Crisis Severity: 3
Humanitarian Conditions: 2.8
Access Constraints: 2
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Philippines - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA), Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - [2018-02-09T00:00:00 TO *]
- Philippines - Subnational Population Statistics - Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - [2020-06-05T00:00:00 TO *]
- Philippines - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2008-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-31T23:59:59]
- Philippines Displacement - IDPs -Mindanao Earthquake - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2019-12-21T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-21T23:59:59]
- Philippines: Key figures on the severely affected areas on 6.6 earthquake in Tulunan, Cotabato (North Cotabato) - OCHA Philippines - [2019-11-30T00:00:00 TO 2019-11-30T23:59:59]
- Philippines: Population projections by Province level - OCHA Philippines - [2019-10-04T00:00:00 TO 2019-10-04T23:59:59]
- Philippines - Affected Persons Locations - Department of Social Welfare Department (DSWD) - [2013-11-29T00:00:00 TO 2013-11-29T23:59:59]
- Philippines - Barangays within affected municipalities (Typhoon Haiyan) - Population from NSO, List of Typhoon Haiyan(Yolanda) affected municipalities from DSWD - [2013-11-27T00:00:00 TO 2013-11-27T23:59:59]
- Philippines - DROMIC data on municipalities within 50km radius of typhoon Haiyan - DSWD - [2014-01-26T00:00:00 TO 2014-01-26T23:59:59]
- Philippines - Location of IDP Evacuation Centres in Zamboanga City - Department of Social Welfare and Development - [2013-09-17T00:00:00 TO 2013-09-17T23:59:59]