The ‘Moro conflict’ in Mindanao between the Philippines government and Moro Muslim groups has been ongoing since 1969, with increasing intensity over the last decade. The conflict has led to widespread displacement, as well as infrastructure and shelter damage. The year 2019 began with the prospects of a peace deal, with March bringing the establishment of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). However, violence, especially related to armed groups excluded from the peace process, continued across Mindanao throughout 2019, forcing 117,000 people from their homes.?
Armed conflict and violence is particularly high in the provinces of Lanao Del Sur, Maguindanao, and Sulu, where clashes between the Philippine military and armed groups, such as Abu Sayaff Group, occur frequently. The seige of Marawi City, a five-month battle between pro-Islamic State fighters and the Philippine military occurred in 2017 and destroyed much of the city and displaced 400,000 people from Marawi and nearby towns. Two years later, approximately 130,000 residents from Marawi are still in temporary shelters or with relatives, unable to return home because much of the city remains in ruins. Estimates suggest it could take as muc ha 5 years to rebuild the city.?
The Mindanao Region is also extremely prone to natural disasters, including flooding, cyclones, and earthquakes, which drive the majority of displacement in the region.
INFORM measures Philippines's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.5/10.?
Between 2 and 3 December typhoon Tisoy (internationally referred to as Kammuri) struck the Philippines making landfall several times causing heavy winds, rain, and flooding. As of 12 December, the National Disaster Risk Reduction an Management Council (NDRRMC) reports that the typhoon affected 5 regions and a total of over 1,9 million people. Over 450,000 people were preemptively evacuated and 85,508 people remain displaced of which 75,900 are in evacuation centres. The NDRRMC also confirmed 4 fatalities and says over 300 people got injured. The main affected regions are in the central Philippines including the regions of Bicol, Calabarzon, Eastern Visayas, and Mimaropa. The affected areas experienced the destruction of infrastructure and houses, flooding and interruptions of electricity and telecommunication of which some continue to face electricity cuts and impassable roads while clearing operations are ongoing.?
Crisis Severity: 1.7
Humanitarian Conditions: 1
Access Constraints: 1
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
11 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Philippines Displacement Data -Mindanao Earthquake - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - 11/01/2019-11/03/2019
- Philippines - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- Philippines administrative level 0 (country), 1 (region), 2 (province), and 3 (municipality) boundaries, points, and lines, shapefiles and live services - National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA), Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - 02/09/2018
- Mindanao Displacement Dataset - UNHCR and OCHA - 01/01/2012-06/08/2017
- Philippines - 2015 Census Population (administrative level 1 to 4) - Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - 09/20/2017
- Philippines - Affected Persons Locations - Department of Social Welfare Department (DSWD) - 11/29/2013
- Philippines - Barangays within affected municipalities (Typhoon Haiyan) - Population from NSO, List of Typhoon Haiyan(Yolanda) affected municipalities from DSWD - 11/27/2013
- Philippines - Location of IDP Evacuation Centres in Zamboanga City - Department of Social Welfare and Development - 09/17/2013
- Philippines - DROMIC data on municipalities within 50km radius of typhoon Haiyan - DSWD - 01/26/2014
- Philippines - Elevation Model - CGIAR Consortium for Spatial Information (CGIAR-CSI) - 10/18/2016