The Philippines is among the most disaster-prone countries of the world. In 2019, it was ranked as one of ten countries with the highest disaster risk worldwide in the World Risk Index.? It frequently experiences different types of disasters including typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruption. Disasters are the main cause of displacement in the country. In the first half of 2019 about 572,000 displacements were reported in the Philippines of which 484,000 were caused by disasters.?
In October 2019, a series of earthquakes hit Mindanao island, particularly affecting Tulunan, North Cotabato province (Region XII) in central Mindanao. The earthquakes affected over 350,000 people, caused 23 fatalities, severe infrastructure damage. As of 13 December, almost 170,000 people remain displaced (some 51,000 in evacuation centres and 117,000 outside of evacuation centres).?
Between 2 and 3 December typhoon Tisoy (internationally referred to as Kammuri) struck the Philippines. Over 450,000 people were pre-emptively evacuated in Regions V, VIII, CALABARZON, and MIMAROPA. Most evacuated people have returned home as of 15 December, but around 58,800 people remain displaced, the large majority (around 50,100 people) in evacuation centres.?
Protracted armed conflict in southern Mindanao has led to a complex humanitarian situation on Mindanao island. The Mindanao conflict relates to the decade-long armed “Moro conflict” between the Philippine government and Moro Muslim armed groups that originated in the 1960s. As of September 2019, more than 65,000 people remain displaced from the 2017 Marawi conflict. In addition, violent clashes between government forces and non-state armed groups as well as clan feuds continue to trigger displacement across Mindanao.?
INFORM measures the Philippines's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be high, at 5.3/10.?
A polio vaccination campaign in Mindanao, originally scheduled for 23 March, has been postponed until further notice owing to COVID-19 quarantine restrictions. Polio was eradicated from the Philippines in 2000 and re-emerged in Sept 2019, with Mindanao being the most affected region. There are currently 17 cases of polio across the Philippines.?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Crisis Severity: 2.5
Humanitarian Conditions: 2
Access Constraints: 2
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Philippines Displacement - IDPs -Mindanao Earthquake - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - 12/21/2019
- Philippines - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- Philippines: Key figures on the severely affected areas on 6.6 earthquake in Tulunan, Cotabato (North Cotabato) - OCHA Philippines - 11/30/2019
- Philippines: Population projections by Province level - OCHA Philippines - 10/04/2019
- Philippines - 2015 Census Population (administrative level 1 to 4) - Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - 09/20/2017
- Philippines administrative level 0 (country), 1 (region), 2 (province), and 3 (municipality) boundaries, points, and lines, shapefiles and live services - National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA), Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) - 02/09/2018
- Philippines - Affected Persons Locations - Department of Social Welfare Department (DSWD) - 11/29/2013
- Philippines - Barangays within affected municipalities (Typhoon Haiyan) - Population from NSO, List of Typhoon Haiyan(Yolanda) affected municipalities from DSWD - 11/27/2013
- Philippines - DROMIC data on municipalities within 50km radius of typhoon Haiyan - DSWD - 01/26/2014
- Philippines - Location of IDP Evacuation Centres in Zamboanga City - Department of Social Welfare and Development - 09/17/2013