The Boko Haram insurgency in northeastern Nigeria, surging banditry violence in the northwest, incessant farmer/herder conflict in the middle belt and a growing Cameroonian refugee population in the south have all culminated into a complex country crisis for the west African giant. Boko Haram, and its break-out faction ISWAP have continued insurgent activities for over 10 years. The Nigerian military, and the African Union Multinational Joint Task Force have had to contend with suicide bombings, military garrison attacks and arsonic raids on both soft and hard targets. The insurgency has further spread to Niger, Chad and Cameroon in the Lake Chad Basin with over 1.8m people internally displaced in Nigeria alone.?
In Nigeria's northwest, activities of bandits in Sokoto, Kaduna, Kebbi, Niger, Zamfara and Katsina states have displaced over 160,000 internally while causing about 41,000 more to flee to Maradi in neighboring Niger Republic.?Bandits engage in killings, kidnappings for ransom, cattle rustling and sexual violence in communities already at the lower ebbs of poverty and development indexes. The discovery of gold reserves in Zamfara means that apart from bandits, security forces have to also contend with activities of illegal miners and NSAGs in the northwest.
Violence between herders (also known as pastoralists) and farmers has continued for decades in Nigeria’s Middle Belt states of Taraba, Benue, Kaduna, Plateau, Nasarawa, and Adamawa. Farmer-herder clashes left more than 1,300 people dead and displaced 300,000 people across the country from January-June 2018. There is a lack of recent available data on the amount of people affected by farmer-herder violence.?
The intensification of Cameroon's Anglophone crisis has pushed more than 60,000 people across the Bakassi peninsula into Nigeria.? These refugees are hosted in Nigerian states of Akwa Ibom, Benue, Cross River and Taraba states. Many of the refugees are in need of food, WASH, health, relief and non-relief materials.
No significant recent humanitarian developments. This crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of COVID-19. Find more information related to the outbreak here.
Crisis Severity: 4.1
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2021 HPC
- Enhanced displacement management in camps and out of camp settings to ensure a protective environment through an effective flow of information to facilitate coordination and quality of integrated service provision.
- Enhance resilience and improved ability of communities and local partners to cope with displacement and ensure local ownership and self-governance through inclusive participation, gender mainstreaming and engagement of displaced persons.
|Nigeria: CCCM/Shelter NFI Quarterly Factsheet - Q2 [EN]||30 Jul 2021|
|Nigeria UN Newsletter June 2021 Edition||30 Jul 2021|
|Nigeria: CCCM/Shelter NFI Factsheet - June 2021 [EN]||29 Jul 2021|
|OCHA Nigeria Yobe State Weekly Situation Report No. 8||29 Jul 2021|
|OCHA Nigeria Adamawa State Weekly Situation Report No. 8||29 Jul 2021|
|Nigeria: Shelter DMS/CCCM Quarterly Factsheet, April - June 2021||30 Jul 2021|
|Nigeria: Shelter DMS/CCCM Monthly Factsheet - June 2021||29 Jul 2021|
|Nigeria: Adamawa State - Weekly Situation Report No. 8 (As of 26 July 2021)||29 Jul 2021|
|IOM Nigeria / Maiduguri Sub-Office: IOM Nigeria Emergency Response - 2020…||26 Jul 2021|
|IOM Nigeria 2020 Annual Report||26 Jul 2021|
23 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Nigeria - Subnational Population Statistics - UNFPA - [2021-06-18T00:00:00 TO *]
- Nigeria - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2009-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2020-12-31T23:59:59]
- Nigeria Displacement - [IDPs] - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-02-08T00:00:00 TO 2021-02-24T23:59:59]
- Nigeria Displacement - [IDPs] - Location Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-02-08T00:00:00 TO 2021-02-24T23:59:59]
- Nigeria Displacement - [IDPs] - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-02-04T00:00:00 TO 2021-02-28T23:59:59]
- Sahel - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Refer to individual COD-AB datasets (linked below) - [2020-09-11T00:00:00 TO 2020-09-11T23:59:59]
- Nigeria - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - Office for the Surveyor General of the Federation of Nigeria (OSGOF), Ehealth, United Nations Cartographic Section (UNCS) - [2017-02-23T00:00:00 TO *]
- Nigeria Displacement Data - North Central & West Zones - Location Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2019-09-04T00:00:00 TO 2019-10-16T23:59:59]
- Nigeria Displacement Data - North Central & West Zones - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2019-09-04T00:00:00 TO 2019-10-16T23:59:59]
- Nigeria Displacement Data - North Central & West Zones - Baeline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - [2019-09-04T00:00:00 TO 2019-10-16T23:59:59]