ACAPS OVERVIEW

Overview

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 4.4 million people in Haiti (about 40% of the population) were in need of humanitarian assistance as at March 2021; almost 49% of them are children. Food insecurity persists across the country, with approximately 4.1 million people in acute need of food assistance. This is caused by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions. In November 2020, 69% of 11,600 households surveyed reported a decrease in their incomes as a result of the pandemic. During 2019–2020, four million children did not have access to education. Haiti experiences political and social turbulence because of gang violence, which has been on the rise since the second half of 2020. Since June 2021, approximately 18,100 people have been displaced by armed violence, and about 1.5 million have been affected by the inability to access basic services in Port-au-Prince during clashes between gangs. The assassination of President Jovenel Moïse on 7 July adds a new element of political instability to the current crisis, although the potential developments and consequences of the event are not yet clear. ?

INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high at 6.5/10. Lack of Coping Capacity is of particular concern, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

Since 1 June, a surge in inter-gang clashes has displaced more than 17,000 people in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. More than 650,000 people are affected, of whom 500,000 are in Martissant, Bas Delmas, Saint Martin, and Bel’Air communes. Most of the displaced are staying in makeshift shelters, with limited access to clean water, sanitation, and hygiene, at increased risk of COVID-19. There is also a lack of NFIs and food. Gender-based violence has been reported within the displaced population, including rape, sexual assault, and exchange of “sex for shelter”. Limited resources and limited access due to insecurity have resulted in less than one-third of the IDPs receiving humanitarian assistance. The initial response has used resources originally designated for the upcoming hurricane season; more supplies are urgently needed to replenish those supplies and to respond to current needs.  This raises concerns about Haiti’s capacity to respond to the current situation and future natural disasters.?

Key Figures

People in Need
4,400,000
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 3.8

Impact: 3.2

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.7

Complexity: 2.5

Access Constraints: 2

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Response Overview

Projects

Documents
Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

10 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: