ACAPS OVERVIEW

Overview

Haiti is regularly affected by natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, landslides, and droughts. At least 4.4 million people in Haiti (about 40% of the population) were in need of humanitarian assistance as at March 2021; almost 49% of them are children. Food insecurity persists across the country, with approximately 4.1 million people in acute need of food assistance. This is caused by the combined effects of natural hazards and poor socioeconomic conditions. In November 2020, 69% of 11,600 households surveyed reported a decrease in their incomes as a result of the pandemic. During 2019–2020, four million children did not have access to education. Haiti experiences political and social turbulence because of gang violence, which has been on the rise since the second half of 2020. Since June 2021, approximately 18,100 people have been displaced by armed violence, and about 1.5 million have been affected by the inability to access basic services in Port-au-Prince during clashes between gangs. The assassination of President Jovenel Moïse on 7 July adds a new element of political instability to the current crisis, although the potential developments and consequences of the event are not yet clear. ?

INFORM measures Haiti's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2019 to be high at 6.5/10. Lack of Coping Capacity is of particular concern, at 7.4/10.?

Latest Developments

Since early July, gang fighting has increased in the Port-au-Prince neighbourhoods of Cité Soleil, Martissant, Bel Air, and Bas Delmas. The new wave of violence has displaced some 3,800 people. At least 250,000 people in Cité Soleil have been confined by the violence, many of whom need food, non-food items, and drinking water. Markets and schools are closed. Access to healthcare has been affected as threats, kidnappings, attacks on medical personnel, and civilian protests against insecurity have led to the suspension and/or closure of some hospitals and pharmacies, and there is a shortage of available doctors. Despite the creation of a humanitarian corridor, health personnel from responding medical organisations are having difficulty reaching people in need. Although mobile clinics have been set up to attend to the confined population, the intensity of active fighting and the creation of barricades by armed gangs pose access constraints for humanitarian response. ?

Key Figures

Total population
11,400,000
People in Need
4,400,000
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.2

Impact: 3.9

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.7

Complexity: 3.6

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Response Overview

Projects

Documents
Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: