ACAPS OVERVIEW

Overview

A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Over 99% of displacement, which is frequent and repeated, is due to armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. 4.49 million IDPs are registered and 800,000 refugees are hosted in neighbouring countries. DRC also hosts approximately 533,000 refugees.?

An Ebola virus outbreak began in Ituri and Nord-Kivu provinces on 1 August 2018, transmission rates have been increasing since late March. Conflict in Nord-Kivu make the response to extremely challenging, and activities are regularly suspended.?

By mid-December 2018, almost 670,000 Congolese nationals returned from Angola to Kasai and areas close to the border after the Angolan government forced all those without documentation to leave. Most returnees are staying with host communities while some are sleeping out in the open or in churches. They are in need of healthcare, food, drinkable water, WASH, and also face protection concerns as the security situation in Kasai is volatile.?

The Commission électorale nationale indépendante announced the provisional results, with Félix Tshisekedi declared the new president, after elections took place on 30 December in a tense climate with reports of widespread irregularities, voter suppression, and violence. ?

INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.6/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7.6/10. ?

Latest Developments

Since 17 August, Congolese refugees began to return spontaneously from Lovua refugee settlement in Angola back to DRC. As of 3 September, more than 14,000 people have arrived in Kalamba Mbuji, a border crossing point in Kasai Central Province, DRC, and almost 600 people have crossed to Kamako, Kasai Province. In both locations, people are staying in improvised shelters, churches or schools with limited and inadequate WASH facilities. Additional needs are food, health and protection.The movements follow an agreement between UNHCR and the governments of DRC and Angola to facilitate voluntary repatriation starting on 16 September to three transit centers in Kasai and Kasai Central Provinces. Many refugees fear to return to these areas due to lack of services and discrimination based on ethnicity. ?

Key Figures

People affected
40,503,000
People displaced
8,735,000
People in Need
13,141,000
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.2

Impact: 4.4

Humanitarian Conditions: 4

Complexity: 4.3

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Documents
Currently there are no documents listed for this country
HDX datasets

16 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: