A complex emergency has persisted in DRC for more than 20 years. Over 99% of displacement, which is frequent and repeated, is due to armed clashes and intercommunal violence between foreign, self-defence, and other armed groups. 4.49 million IDPs are registered and 800,000 refugees are hosted in neighbouring countries. DRC also hosts approximately 533,000 refugees.?
An Ebola virus outbreak began in Ituri and Nord-Kivu provinces on 1 August 2018, transmission rates have been increasing since late March. Conflict in Nord-Kivu make the response to extremely challenging, and activities are regularly suspended.?
By mid-December 2018, almost 670,000 Congolese nationals returned from Angola to Kasai and areas close to the border after the Angolan government forced all those without documentation to leave. Most returnees are staying with host communities while some are sleeping out in the open or in churches. They are in need of healthcare, food, drinkable water, WASH, and also face protection concerns as the security situation in Kasai is volatile.?
The Commission électorale nationale indépendante announced the provisional results, with Félix Tshisekedi declared the new president, after elections took place on 30 December in a tense climate with reports of widespread irregularities, voter suppression, and violence. ?
INFORM measures DRC's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster to be very high, at 7.6/10. Lack of coping capacity is of particular concern, at 8/10 as well as vulnerability at 7.6/10. ?
Since 17 August, Congolese refugees began to return spontaneously from Lovua refugee settlement in Angola back to DRC. As of 3 September, more than 14,000 people have arrived in Kalamba Mbuji, a border crossing point in Kasai Central Province, DRC, and almost 600 people have crossed to Kamako, Kasai Province. In both locations, people are staying in improvised shelters, churches or schools with limited and inadequate WASH facilities. Additional needs are food, health and protection.The movements follow an agreement between UNHCR and the governments of DRC and Angola to facilitate voluntary repatriation starting on 16 September to three transit centers in Kasai and Kasai Central Provinces. Many refugees fear to return to these areas due to lack of services and discrimination based on ethnicity. ?
Crisis Severity: 4.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
|RD Congo - Structure de Coordination (Septembre 2019)||25 Nov 2019|
|Collecte d’intentions de solutions durables dans les sites de…||17 Oct 2019|
|Réunion du cluster nutrition||14 Oct 2019|
|RD Congo - Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu et Ituri : Suivi des activités…||13 Oct 2019|
|RD Congo - Nord-Kivu, Sud-Kivu et Ituri : Evolution spatiale et…||13 Oct 2019|
16 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2018
- RDC - Statistiques des populations par zones de santé - DRC IM Working Group - 09/10/2019
- RDC - Administrative Boundaries (levels 0 - 2) - Referenciel Géographique Commun - 09/12/2019
- Democratic Republic of the Congo administrative level 0-2 population statistics - Health Zone population statistics developed by the DRC IM Working Group - 09/12/2019
- DRC Displacement Data - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 12/31/2018
- DRC Displacement Data - Baseline Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 11/30/2018
- Democratic Republic of the Congo - major cities - World Gazetteer - 09/06/2018
- Dem. Rep. Congo - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 01/01/2008-12/31/2017
- DR Congo - Affected Persons Locations - OCHA et partenaires - 07/25/2014
- DR Congo - Hydrology - Référentiel Géographique Commun - 10/31/2016