Three years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), Colombia continues to face multiple challenges. In 2020, at least 5.1 million people are estimated to need humanitarian assistance. The escalation of conflict, particularly in isolated rural areas, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants are some of the factors that add to existing needs. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Choco, Nariño, Putumayo, Guaviare.?
There has been a fragmentation of armed groups and drug cartels seeking greater territorial control in strategic areas. The increased violence, especially in rural areas, creates significant protection concerns. In 2019, some 35,300 people were internally displaced, more than 27,600 people suffered severe movement restrictions, and the use of anti-personnel mines increased. Confinement, threats, or armed curfews cause problems in safe access to education, health, and water collection activities for entire communities. These events are now taking place in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities continue to be disproportionally affected by the conflict, and social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks.?
In addition, in 2019 there were 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia, another 500,000 people transited through the country, and 500,000 Colombians returned from Venezuela. The impact of the arrival and transit of millions of people has been considerable on services and resources. ?
INFORM measures Colombia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster for 2020 as High at 5.4/10. Hazard and exposure as well as vulnerability are a particular concern, at 6.9/10 and 6.1/10. ?
14/04/2021: Two armed groups fought intermittently in the rural area of the Argelia municipality (Cauca department) over 26-29 March. The fighting caused 2,185 people to flee to urban areas within Argelia. The municipality has established temporary shelters, but has requested humanitarian assistance due to limited resources.?
26/03/2021: As of 23 of March, the rainy season (January-March) affected around 20,490 people, mostly in Nariño, Huila, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Antioquia and Valle del Cauca departments. Rainfall is expected to surpass historic above average levels in April-May. 289 severe weather events, including 146 landslides, 45 floods and 32 flash floods have been reported so far. 10,780 were affected in March alone, when also 23 were injured, 45 died, and two went missing.?
24/03/2021: The UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) estimates that the region suffered a 7.7% contraction in gross domestic product (GDP) in 2020 as the COVID-19 pandemic widened socioeconomic gaps. 34 million jobs were lost because of the pandemic, with an estimated 2.7 million small to medium enterprises closing in 2020. As a consequence, the unemployment rate increased by 2.6 percentage points across the region. Women, migrants, informal workers, and young people were the most affected by job losses. More women lost their jobs in 2020 when compared with men, in part related to school closures and the need to leave their jobs to take on unpaid work and responsibilities at home. Women represent the largest percentage of workers employed in the informal economy or in economic sectors hard-hit by COVID-10 containment measures. ?
ACAPS' team is daily monitoring the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. For more information related to the outbreak in Colombia, see content below.
Crisis Severity: 3.9
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 3
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
- To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod
- Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
|ELC Córdoba||19 Apr 2021|
|Inundaciones y vendavales en el municipio del Bajo Baudó (14/04/21)||17 Apr 2021|
|Flash Update No.11 - COVID-19 / Cauca - Marzo 2021||16 Apr 2021|
|ELC Norte de Santander||16 Apr 2021|
|Reunión informe final MIRA-Agua Clara NdS||15 Apr 2021|
27 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq: Humanitarian Needs Overview - Multiple Sources (Humanitarian Partners in Iraq) - [2020-12-31T00:00:00 TO 2020-12-31T23:59:59]
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2021-02-28T23:59:59]
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2021-02-28T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Subnational Administrative Divisions - Iraq Central Statistics Office - [2019-06-05T00:00:00 TO *]
- Iraq - Settlements (villages, towns, cities) - IOM's placename database - [2014-07-22T00:00:00 TO 2014-07-22T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - [2008-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2019-12-31T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Roads Network - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - [2003-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2003-01-01T23:59:59]
- Iraq IDP Camp Profiling Data, round VI (Aug-Sept 2016) - REACH & CCCM Cluster - [2016-08-17T00:00:00 TO 2016-09-19T23:59:59]
- South and central Iraq - profiling exercise - Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) Iraq, UNHCR Iraq - [2016-05-01T00:00:00 TO 2016-10-31T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Affected Persons Locations(25 November 2014) - IOM Iraq - [2014-11-25T00:00:00 TO 2014-11-25T23:59:59]