Four years after the signing of the Peace Agreement between the Colombian Government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, the country continues to face multiple challenges. At least 6.7 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance as at 2021. Increased territorial control by armed groups – particularly in isolated rural areas – has escalated the conflict and added to the existing needs. This escalation has manifested in the increased killing of social leaders, massacres, confinements and forced displacements, natural disasters, and the arrival of refugees and migrants. The most affected departments are La Guajira, Cauca, Norte de Santander, Arauca, Córdoba, Chocó, Nariño, Putumayo, and Guaviare. ?
Since 2020, there has been a fragmentation of armed groups and organised crime groups seeking greater territorial control of strategic areas to conduct drug trafficking. The increased violence – especially in rural areas – has created significant protection concerns. Between January 1–March 31 2021, violence related to 65 mass displacement events left 27,435 people displaced. These figures represent a 96% increase in mass displacement events and a 177% increase in the total number of people displaced compared to the first quarter of 2020. Confinements and mobility restrictions imposed on communities by armed groups, threats of attacks and/or threats to the population, and armed curfews occur in areas previously unaffected by the conflict. These restrictions limit safe access to education and health assistance and hamper water collection and livelihood activities for communities in the affected areas. The departments most affected by the conflict are predominately populated by Afro-Colombians and indigenous communities. These departments continue to be disproportionally affected by insecurity. Social leaders have become systematic targets of violent attacks from armed groups and organised crime groups. ?
As at 2021, there are 1.7 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in Colombia. By the end of the year, an estimated two million Venezuelans will reside in Colombia, and 980,00 Colombians are expected to return from Venezuela. The arrival and transit of millions of people have had a considerable effect on services and resources. The Colombian health and education systems have insufficient capacity to respond to the incoming influx of people.?
Continual rainfall in Chocó department in December and January caused the Atrato and Andágueda rivers and several tributaries to overflow. More than 32,000 people (8,228 families) have been affected by flooding, which has damaged housing, road infrastructure, and crops. Bojayá, El Carmen del Darién, Lloró, Bagadó, Atrato, and Medio Atrato are the most affected municipalities. At least 276 people (79 families) in Carmen de Darien are at high risk of flooding and landslides and need relocation. There is a lack of capacity to shelter displaced people as the crisis continues, and shelter material, NFIs, and hygiene kits are among the priority needs. Food and technical agricultural assistance are needed, as crops are damaged and lost and the majority of people in these municipalities depend on agriculture for their own food and livelihoods. More information on the needs and actual number of people affected in some of these municipalities is lacking. ?
Crisis Severity: 4.2
Humanitarian Conditions: 4.3
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
Key Figures - 2019 HPC
- To promote and implement actions in terms of temporary accommodation/shelter solutions for people displaced by disasters of natural and/or anthropogenic origin (widespread violence) and/or the Colombian population affected by the migratory crisis, which guarantee a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
- To strengthen the capacities for the preparation and response of the key actors (at a governmental level,LCT, civil society and other coordination mechanisms) of the territories prioritized in temporary accommod
- Support for early recovery and lasting solutions in terms of accommodation, educational facilities and community infrastructure ensuring a healthy and safe environment in conditions of dignity and privacy.
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30 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Iraq - Standard naming, GPS coordinates and P-codes for IDP Camps - CCCM 3w mapping and partners reports - [2014-11-24T00:00:00 TO 2014-11-24T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Water Courses (Rivers and Streams) - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - [2004-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2004-01-01T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Water Bodies (Lakes and Ponds) - United States National Imagery Mapping Agency (NIMA) - [2004-01-01T00:00:00 TO 2004-01-01T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Humanitarian Needs Overview - Multiple Sources (Humanitarian Partners in Iraq) - [2020-12-31T00:00:00 TO 2020-12-31T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Populated Places (Cities, Villages, Towns) - OSM, IOM-DTM, DIVA - [2021-11-28T00:00:00 TO *]
- Iraq Returnee Data [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-03-01T00:00:00 TO 2021-09-30T23:59:59]
- Iraq Displacement Data - IDPs [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - [2021-11-11T00:00:00 TO 2021-11-11T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Multi Cluster Needs Assessment (MCNA) IX-2021 - REACH Initiative - [2021-06-09T00:00:00 TO 2021-08-16T23:59:59]
- Iraq - Camp Profiling XV & Intentions Survey VIII - 2021 - REACH Initiative - [2021-06-16T00:00:00 TO 2021-08-04T23:59:59]
- REACH IRAQ Multi Cluster Needs Assessment Round VIII-2020 - Dataset (including individual data) - REACH Initiative - [2020-07-14T00:00:00 TO 2020-09-23T23:59:59]