Burundi has been in crisis since April 2015 after President Nkurunziza’s announcement to run for a third term. The economy has declined significantly due to political instability, insecurity and the suspension of foreign aid which was 48% of the national income in 2015. ?Despite a decrease in overt violence since 2016, violations such as disappearances and torture by the police, military, and the ruling party’s youth league, Imbonerakure, persist. ? Although the president has now rescinded his decison to run in the elections, political persecution still continues with the Burundian government admitting to killing 22 ‘wrongdoers’ outside Bujumbura at the end of February 2020.?Insecurity and political persecution have led to displacements, with over 300,000 Burundian refugees in Tanzania, Rwanda, the DRC and Uganda.?

The economic crisis, widespread poverty, and climatic factors are the main drivers of food insecurity. Over 1.7m people are considered in need from the protracted complex crisis, with more than 750,000 people facing severe humanitarian conditions.? Food insecurity is heightened by continuous dry spells, absence of adequate rains and endemic drought that has been affecting not just Burundi, but the Southern African regional bloc.

Latest Developments

No recent significant humanitarian developments. The crisis is being monitored by our analysis team.

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Key Figures

Total population
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 2.8

Impact: 2.5

Humanitarian Conditions: 2.5

Complexity: 3.4

Access Constraints: 3

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
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HDX datasets

12 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: