The security situation in Afghanistan remains volatile as fighting between government and non-state armed groups, particularly the Taliban and the Islamic State Khorasan, intensified in 2019 amid ongoing peace negotiations between the US and the Taliban. Decades of conflict have had a severe impact on infrastructure, resilience, and population movement; in the first four months of 2019, more than 80,000 people were internally displaced by conflict.? A severe drought in 2018 has triggered additional internal displacement, decreased livelihood opportunities, and driven food insecurity that impacts more than 35% of the population, who largely rely on agriculture for their livelihoods.? 11.3 million people are currently estimated to face Crisis and Emergency (IPC 3 and 4) levels of food insecurity.? An increasing number of returnee-IDPs, primarily from Iran, put additional pressure on host community resources and international assistance.?

Latest Developments

Recent Islamic State Khorasan Province (ISKP) activities have caused civilian fatalities and displacement across Afghanistan. On 3-4 March, 7,000 people were displaced in Nurgal district in Kunar Province when fighting between ISKP and other armed groups escalated. This is one of the largest episodes of conflict displacement in 2020. The humanitarian situation in Kunar is dire, with reports of shortages in existing stocks of food and non-food items and health facilities facing closures due to conflict. Two days later, on 06 March, 32 civilians were killed and 80 injured in an attack on a ceremony commemorating the 25th anniversary of the death of a Hazara leader killed by the Taliban. Attacks by ISKP decreased after a military offensive against them last year - though they have continued to initiate some of the largest attacks in recent history. This escalation comes at a delicate time in the country as political tensions are high due to the signing of a U.S. and Taliban peace deal, potential intra-Afghan talks, and a contested presidential election.?

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Key Figures

People affected
People displaced
People in Need
Key figures are for the entire response and are not CCCM-specific.

INFORM Global Crisis Severity Index

Crisis Severity: 4.5

Impact: 4.9

Humanitarian Conditions: 4.5

Complexity: 4.2

Access Constraints: 4

The above scale is from 0 (Very low) to 5 (Very high)
Information courtesy of ACAPS.
HDX datasets

11 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange: