About 8.4 million people in Ethiopia need humanitarian assistance, due to internal conflict, international displacement, and recurrent natural hazards. As a secondary effect of the intercommunal violence in 2019, it is estimated that there is an IDP population of 2 million people primarily located in the Amhara, SNNP and Benishangul Gumuz woreda’s. Ethiopia also hosts more than 760,000 refugees from South Sudan, Sudan, Somalia, and Eritrea. Most of them live in camp settings.?
Recurrent natural hazards, drought, and flooding result in humanitarian needs. Several consecutive years of drought in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have led to worsening food security and disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders. Nationally, 8.5 million people require emergency food assistance in June 2020. The states with IPC 3 or higher are Afar, Oromiya, Somali and Tigray.?
INFORM measures Ethiopia's risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as high at 6.9/10. Meanwhile, the lack of coping capacity stands at 6.8/10 and vulnerability at 6.6/10.?
An estimated 23.5 million people will need humanitarian assistance in the first quarter of 2021, up from 19 million people in need at the end of 2020. Around 4.86 million face ‘extreme and catastrophic’ humanitarian conditions due to ongoing conflict in Tigray, desert locust outbreak across multiple regions, displacement due to climate shocks, and socioeconomic impact of COVID-19. The highest number of people in need are in Oromia, Tigray, Amhara, Somali, and Southern Nations, Nationalities, and People’s Region. The number of people in need will increase as 2021 progresses as a result of food insecurity, malnutrition, and water and sanitation conditions. Active hostilities continue to be the primary access barrier to reach people in need in Ethiopia ?.
Crisis Severity: 4.5
Humanitarian Conditions: 5
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
15 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Ethiopia Displacement -IDPs - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 2020-12-01
- Ethiopia: Humanitarian Needs Overview - OCHA Ethiopia - 2018-01-01
- Eastern and Southern Africa Humanitarian Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 2020-01-01
- Ethiopia - Subnational Administrative Divisions - CSA (Central Statistics Agency) + Regional Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BoFED) - 2020-10-13
- Ethiopia - Subnational Population Statistics - Central Statistics Agency (CSA) - 2020-10-28
- Eastern and Southern Africa Risk Analysis - UNICEF ESARO - 2020-10-31
- Eastern and Southern Africa Refugees and IDPs Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 2019-12-31
- Ethiopia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 2008-01-01
- UNICEF Refugees Situation and Response database - UNICEF ESARO - 2018-07-31
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - Geodeo and West-Guji - RRA [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 2019-08-11