More than 25 million people in Ethiopia are in need of humanitarian assistance as a result of internal conflict, displacement, and recurrent natural hazards. As at July 2022, an estimated 2.7 million people were displaced internally as a result of conflict (main driver of displacement in the country) and drought. Additional 2 million people are IDP returnees. These figures only capture accessible areas, with Tigray for example not included due to operational constraints. The country also hosts more than 876,000 refugees from South Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea, and Sudan. Most of them have been living in camp settings in Benishangul Gumuz, Gambela, and Somali regions and in the capital city Addis Ababa.
The country is affected by recurrent natural hazards, primarily drought and flooding. Several consecutive years of drought and a record fourth consecutive below-average rainfall in southern and southeastern Ethiopia have disrupted the livelihoods of hundreds of thousands of farmers and herders, resulted in the death of livestock, and led to a worsening food security situation. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity is expected in drought-affected areas, including parts of Oromia, Somali, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ (SNNP) region, and South West Ethiopia Peoples’ (or South West) region.
The resumption of fighting in northern Ethiopia since 24 August 2022, has made security in the area highly volatile with airstrikes reported frequently, insecurity recorded along the Tigray-Eritrea boarder, and the conflict spilling into the neighboring regions of Afar and Amhara and a deterioration of people’s living conditions including food insecurity, increased malnutrition rates, and overcrowded collective centres sheltering the displaced. Resource constraints (partial blockade of banking and cash transfers, is limiting humanitarian activities and access to resources needed to deliver aid) and limited coordination continue to restrict the ability to upscale humanitarian services, keeping humanitarian needs high.
Conflict in other regions, such as Benishangul Gumuz (particularly Metekel and Kemashi zones) and Oromia (including Wellega and Guji zones), continues to affect people’s freedom of movement and livelihood activities. The situation has resulted in mass displacement and subsequent humanitarian needs. The needs of IDPs have largely remained unmet because of the volatile security situation and major humanitarian access constraints.
INFORM ranks Ethiopia’s risk of humanitarian crisis and disaster as very high at 6.8/10. The lack of coping capacity stands at 6.8/10 and vulnerability at 6.4/10. ?
The cholera outbreak declared in Bale Zone, Oromia Region on 16 September has led to 273 reported cases including 9 deaths as at 25 October. Cases are reported in Liban Zone (Somali region) and Bale zone. An estimated 459,000 people in the affected woredas including those at IDP sites are at high risk because they lack clean water and sanitation. Jerry cans, water storage tanks, and treatment tablets are needed. ?
An estimated 185,200 people are internally displaced, and additional 79,600 are affected following heavy rains in the Gambella region that caused flooding in 12 woredas and in the regional capital from August to October. Displaced people are staying in schools and health facilities that are overcrowded and inadequate, or in the open air. Protection concerns include loss of documentation and increased risks for girls and women of abuse or exploitation. People with disabilities likely need additional assistance. Livelihoods have been disrupted as 72% of cropland has been damaged (mainly maize), and around 8% of livestock died in the floods. Risk of waterborne disease outbreak is high with pools of stagnant water, inadequate sanitation, and hygiene, and damaged or contaminated water supply. Access to healthcare at nearly 80 health facilities is reportedly cut off because of the floods. Schools are flooded, impacting around 56,000 students. The displaced people urgently need food, NFIs, shelter, WASH, and protection services.?
Crisis Severity: 4
Humanitarian Conditions: 4
Access Constraints: 4
Information courtesy of ACAPS. https://www.acaps.org/
16 Common Operating Datasets or CCCM-tagged datsets are on the Humanitarian Data Exchange:
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - Village Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration - 2021-12-01
- Ethiopia Displacement -IDPs - Site Assessment [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 2017-05-09
- Ethiopia - Internally displaced persons - IDPs - IDMC - 2008-01-01
- GRID3 Ethiopia Settlement Extents, Version 01.01 - Center for International Earth Science Information Network; Novel-T - 2021-12-20
- Ethiopia - Subnational Administrative Boundaries - CSA (Central Statistics Agency) + Regional Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BoFED) - 2020-10-13
- Ethiopia Displacement Data - Geodeo and West-Guji - RRA [IOM DTM] - International Organization for Migration (IOM) - 2019-08-11
- Joint IDP Intentions Survey - Joint IDP Intentions Survey - 2021-07-14
- Ethiopia - Cities, towns and villages - Multiple Source (Humanitarian Partners) - 2016-03-02
- Eastern and Southern Africa Humanitarian Situation and Response - UNICEF ESARO - 2020-01-01
- Eastern and Southern Africa Risk Analysis - UNICEF ESARO - 2020-10-31